abies alba


  • [11] Silver fir is the species first used as a Christmas tree, but has been largely replaced by Nordmann fir (which has denser, more attractive foliage), Norway spruce (which
    is much cheaper to grow), and other species.

  • [3] Its branches (including the leaves, bark and wood) were used for production of spruce beer.

  • The trees are full and dense with smell of resin, and are known to be one of the longest lasting after being cut.

  • [citation needed] The wood is white, leading to the species name alba.

  • The name was used to refer to tall trees or ships.

  • [citation needed] Ecology Silver fir is an important component species in the dinaric calcareous block fir forest in the western Balkan Peninsula.

  • [3] When cultivated on Christmas Tree plantations, the tree naturally forms a symmetrical triangle shape.

  • [citation needed] In Italy, the silver fir is an important component of the mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest of the Apennine Mountains, especially in northern Apennine.

  • [3] It is closely related to Bulgarian fir (Abies borisiiregis) further to the southeast in the Balkan Peninsula, Spanish fir (Abies pinsapo) of Spain and Morocco and Sicilian
    fir (Abies nebrodensis) in Sicily, differing from these and other related Euro-Mediterranean firs in the sparser foliage, with the leaves spread either side of the shoot, leaving the shoot readily visible from above.

  • [8] Silver fir wood extract was found to reduce the post-prandial glycemic response (concentration of sugar in the blood after the meal) in healthy volunteers.


Works Cited

[‘Farjon, A. (2017). “Abies alba”. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T42270A83978869. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T42270A83978869.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
2. ^ Jump up to:a b “Abies alba”. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 12 October 2016 – via The Plant List.
3. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e Gualtiero Simonetti (1990). Stanley Schuler (ed.). Simon & Schuster’s Guide to Herbs and Spices. Simon & Schuster, Inc. ISBN 978-0-671-73489-3.
4. ^
Jump up to:a b Tavčar Benković, Eva; Žigon, Dušan; Mihailović, Vladimir; Petelinc, Tanja; Jamnik, Polona; Kreft, Samo (2017). “Identification, in vitro and in vivo Antioxidant Activity, and Gastrointestinal Stability of Lignans from Silver Fir (Abies
alba) Wood Extract”. Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology. 37 (6): 467–477. doi:10.1080/02773813.2017.1340958. S2CID 90833072.
5. ^ Vasincu A, Creţu E, Geangalău I, Amalinei RL, Miron A. Polyphenolic content and antioxidant activity of an extractive
fraction from Abies alba bark. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2013 Apr-Jun;117(2):545-50.
6. ^ Tavčar Benković, Eva; Grohar, Tina; Žigon, Dušan; Švajger, Urban; Janeš, Damjan; Kreft, Samo; Štrukelj, Borut (2014). “Chemical composition of the silver
fir (Abies alba) bark extract Abigenol and its antioxidant activity”. Industrial Crops and Products. 52: 23–28. doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2013.10.005.
7. ^ Drevenšek, Gorazd; Lunder, Mojca; Tavčar Benković, Eva; Mikelj, Ana; Štrukelj, Borut; Kreft,
Samo (2015). “Silver fir (Abies alba) trunk extract protects guinea pig arteries from impaired functional responses and morphology due to an atherogenic diet”. Phytomedicine. 22 (9): 856–861. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2015.06.004. PMID 26220633.
8. ^
Drevenšek, Gorazd; Lunder, Mojca; Benković, Eva Tavčar; Štrukelj, Borut; Kreft, Samo (2016). “Cardioprotective effects of silver fir (Abies alba) extract in ischemic-reperfused isolated rat hearts”. Food & Nutrition Research. 60: 29623. doi:10.3402/fnr.v60.29623.
PMC 5069298. PMID 27756448.
9. ^ Debeljak, J.; Ferk, P.; Čokolič, M.; Zavratnik, A.; Tavč Benković, E.; Kreft, S.; Štrukelj, B.: Randomised, double blind, cross-over, placebo and active controlled human pharmacodynamic study on the influence of
silver fir wood extract (Belinal) on post-prandial glycemic response. Die Pharmazie – An International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 71, Number 10, October 2016, pp. 566-569(4)
10. ^ Kilby, Kenneth (1977), The cooper and his trade,
Fresno, California, Linden Publishing, p.99. ISBN 0941936163
11. ^ London Medical Gazette, 23 September 1837, page 935: https://books.google.si/books?id=TPQaAQAAMAAJ
12. ^ Wolf, Heino. “Silver fir – Abies alba” (PDF). EUFORGEN Technical Guidelines
for Genetic Conservation and Use. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 January 2017. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
13. ^ “Fir Honey”.
14. ^ Jump up to:a b Gledhill, David (2008). “The Names of Plants”. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453
(hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). pp 32, 41
• Kunkar, Alp; Kunkar, Ennio (2000). Le piante officinali della Calabria (in Italian). Laruffa Editore. ISBN 978-88-7221-140-3.
Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/26329758@N02/3637371174/’]