amusement park


  • Disney was the first to successfully open a large-scale theme park built around education.

  • [13] Rides from this fair captured the imagination of the visitors and of amusement parks around the world, such as the first steel Ferris wheel, which was found in many other
    amusement areas, such as the Prater by 1896.

  • [14] Trolley parks and pleasure resorts Many modern amusement parks evolved from earlier pleasure resorts that had become popular with the public for day-trips or weekend
    holidays, for example, seaside areas such as Blackpool, United Kingdom and Coney Island, United States.

  • Walt Disney World’s Magic Kingdom in Florida is the most visited theme park in the world,[1] and Cinderella Castle, the park’s icon, is one of the most photographed structures
    in the United States Wild West Falls at Warner Bros. Movie World, Queensland, Australia An amusement park is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for entertainment purposes.

  • The Columbian Exposition of 1893 was a particularly fertile testing ground for amusement rides and included some that the public had never seen before, such as the world’s
    first Ferris wheel, one of the most recognized products of the fair.

  • The Columbian Exposition of 1893 was a particularly fertile testing ground for amusement rides and included some that the public had never seen before, such as the world’s
    first Ferris wheel, one of the most recognized products of the fair.

  • [37] Transport rides Transport rides are used to take large numbers of guests from one area to another, as an alternative to walking, especially for parks that are large or
    separated into distant areas.

  • These amusement parks were often based on nationally known parks or world’s fairs: they had names like Coney Island, White City, Luna Park, or Dreamland.

  • This park was one of the first to charge admission to get into the park in addition to sell tickets for rides within the park.

  • Practically all amusement parks operate using one of two admission principles: Pay-as-you-go[edit] In amusement parks using the pay-as-you-go scheme, a guest enters the park
    at little or no charge.

  • Trolley parks such as Atlanta’s Ponce de Leon Park, or Reading’s Carsonia Park were initially popular natural leisure spots before local streetcar companies purchased the
    sites, expanding them from picnic groves to include regular entertainments, mechanical amusements, dance halls, sports fields, boat rides, restaurants and other resort facilities.

  • These crude and temporarily built curiosities, known as Russian Mountains, were the beginning of the search for even more thrilling amusement park rides.

  • These crude and temporarily built curiosities, known as Russian Mountains, were the beginning of the search for even more thrilling amusement park rides.

  • Some of these parks have grown to include even roller coasters, and traditional amusement parks now also have these competition areas in addition to their thrill rides.

  • [32] The first Six Flags amusement park was the vision of Angus Wynne, Jr. and helped create the modern, competitive amusement park industry.

  • Within a short time, the problems of handling such large amounts of coins led to the development of a ticket system that, while now out of use, is still part of the amusement-park

  • In the late 1950s, Wynne visited Disneyland and was inspired to create an affordable, closer, and larger amusement park that would be filled with fantasy.

  • [2] In 1897, Sea Lion Park was joined by Steeplechase Park, the first of three major amusement parks that would open in the Coney Island area.

  • The combination of the nearby population center of New York City and the ease of access to the area made Coney Island the embodiment of the American amusement park.

  • Parks like Atlanta’s Ponce de Leon[22] and Idora Park,[23] near Youngstown, OH, took passengers to traditionally popular picnic grounds, which by the late 1890s also often
    included rides like the Giant Swing, Carousel, and Shoot-the-Chutes.

  • When Angus Wynne, founder of Six Flags Over Texas, first visited Disneyland upon its opening in 1955, he noted that park’s pay-as-you-go format as a reason to make his park

  • The guest is then entitled to use most of the attractions (usually including flagship roller coasters) in the park as often as they wish during their visit.

  • [25] Although the development of the automobile provided people with more options for satisfying their entertainment needs, the amusement parks after the war continued to
    be successful, while urban amusement parks saw declining attendance.

  • Between 1920 and 1935 over £500,000 was invested in the site, constantly adding new rides and facilities and culminating in the construction of the Dreamland Cinema complex
    in 1934 which stands to this day.

  • The first of several was the Ocean Pier in 1891, followed later by the Steel Pier in 1898, both of which boasted rides and attractions typical of that time, such as Midway-style
    games and electric trolley rides.

  • Santa Claus Land (renamed Holiday World in 1984) opened in 1946 in Santa Claus, Indiana and many people will argue that it was the first true Theme Park despite Knott’s history.

  • The concept of a fixed park for amusement was further developed with the beginning of the world’s fairs.

  • [20] Fire was a constant threat in those days, as much of the construction within the amusement parks of the era was wooden.

  • Also, the experience of the enclosed ideal city with wonder, rides, culture and progress (electricity), was based on the creation of an illusory place.

  • A theme park is a type of amusement park that bases its structures and attractions around a central theme, often featuring multiple areas with different themes.

  • [26] The park also installed other rides common to the time including a smaller roller coaster, the Joy Wheel, Miniature Railway, The Whip and the River Caves.

  • [citation needed] Many of the older, traditional amusement parks closed or burned to the ground.

  • Later, the “D-ticket” was added, then finally the “E-ticket”, which was used on the biggest and most elaborate rides, like Space Mountain.

  • In the present day, many rides of various types are set around a specific theme.

  • In the present day, many rides of various types are set around a specific theme.

  • Pay-one-price format parks also have attractions that are not included in the admission charge; these are called “up-charge attractions” and can include Skycoasters or go-kart
    tracks, or games of skill where prizes are won.

  • The small village eventually became the theme park, Silver Dollar City.

  • Ghost Pirate Dark Ride in Milwaukee County Fair Dark rides Overlapping with both train rides and water rides, dark rides are enclosed attractions in which patrons travel in
    guided vehicles along a predetermined path, through an array of illuminated scenes which may include lighting effects, animation, music and recorded dialogue, and other special effects.

  • Family-owned theme parks[edit] Narrow gauge mining train going through Calico Ghost Town Some theme parks did evolve from more traditional amusement park enterprises, such
    as Knott’s Berry Farm.

  • An example of this is the world’s oldest amusement park, Bakken (“The Hill”), which opened in mainland Europe in 1583.

  • [19] Modern amusement parks The first permanent enclosed entertainment area, regulated by a single company, was founded in Coney Island in 1895: Sea Lion Park at Coney Island
    in Brooklyn.

  • During this time Joseph Emberton, an architect famous for his work in the amusement trade was brought in to redesign the architectural style of the Pleasure Beach rides, working
    on the “Grand National” roller coaster, “Noah’s Ark” and the Casino building to name a few.

  • War caused the affluent urban population to move to the suburbs, television became a source of entertainment, and families went to amusement parks less often.

  • It was at this period that the park moved to its 44-acre (180,000 m2) current location above what became Watson Road, which was built under the Pleasure Beach in 1932.

  • In 1920 the Scenic Railway rollercoaster opened to the public with great success, carrying half a million passengers in its first year.

  • Regional parks The first regional amusement park, as well as the first Six Flags park, Six Flags Over Texas was officially opened in 1961 in Arlington, Texas.

  • [2] Today, there are over 475 amusement parks in the United States, ranging from mega-parks and those that are operated by Disney, Six Flags and Universal.

  • The park is still owned and operated by the Herschends and the family has several other parks including Dollywood, Kentucky Kingdom and Wild Adventures.

  • “[2] To make sure that the fair was a financial success, the planners included a dedicated amusement concessions area called the Midway Plaisance.

  • In the final decade of the 19th century, electric trolley lines were developed in many large American cities.

  • Amusement parks, set up outside major cities and in rural areas, emerged to meet this new economic opportunity.

  • Lake Compounce in Bristol, Connecticut may be the true oldest continuously operating amusement park in the United States, open since 1846.

  • The lighting and its accompanying pageants reinforced Blackpool’s status as the North of England’s most prominent holiday resort, and its specifically working class character.

  • Both transportation links provide scenic views of the park’s hilly surroundings and, while originally intended for practicality rather than thrills or enjoyment, have become
    significant park attractions in their own right.

  • Although the gardens were originally designed for the elites, they soon became places of great social diversity.

  • With new-found money and time to spend on leisure activities, Americans sought new venues for entertainment.

  • [citation needed] Ocean Park Hong Kong is well known for its 1.5-kilometre (0.9 mi) cable car connecting the Lowland and Headland areas of the park, and for having the world’s
    second longest outdoor escalator in the Headland.

  • Manufacturers today include: • Bolliger & Mabillard • Gerstlauer • The Gravity Group • Great Coasters International • Intamin • Mack Rides • Maurer AG • Premier Rides • Rocky
    Mountain Construction • Vekoma • Zamperla • Zierer Railways[edit] 3 ft (914 mm) gauge Six Flags & Texas Railroad in operation in 2007 The Maisemajuna monorail from 1979 at the Linnanmäki amusement park in 2006 Amusement park railways have
    had a long and varied history in American amusement parks as well as overseas.

  • [2] Because of its long history, Knott’s Berry Farm currently claims to be “America’s First Theme Park.”

  • Melbourne Luna Park Disneyland opened in 1955 using the pay-as-you-go format.

  • Amusement parks evolved from European fairs, pleasure gardens, and large picnic areas, which were created for people’s recreation.

  • [2] By the early 1900s, hundreds of amusement parks were operating in the United States and Canada.

  • Within a few years, lines outside the restaurant were often several hours long.

  • Some of the earliest park trains were not really trains; they were trolleys, which brought park patrons to the parks on regular rail lines from the cities to the end of the
    rail lines where the parks were located.

  • Over the next decade they modernized the cave, which led to large numbers of people waiting to take the tour.

  • [13] The original Ferris Wheel, World’s Columbian Exposition, 1893 American cities and businesses also saw the world’s fair as a way of demonstrating economic and industrial

  • Frequent large-scale investments were responsible for the construction of many new rides, including the Virginia Reel, Whip, Noah’s Ark, Big Dipper and Dodgems.

  • He followed in the steps of Disney and had subdivisions within the park that reflected different lands.


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