• One work attributed to Aristippus in ancient times was a book entitled On Ancient Luxury (or On the Luxury of the Ancients; Greek); although it has long been considered that
    this work could not have been written by Aristippus of Cyrene,[22] not least because the author mentions Theophrastus, who lived a generation after Aristippus.

  • [15][16] Despite the backlash he received for his philosophical views, teachings and lifestyle, Aristippus continued his spread of ethical hedonism by imparting his doctrine
    to his daughter Arete who, in turn, imparted it to her son, Aristippus the Younger, who is said to have reduced it to a system in the Cyrenaic school of philosophy, that Aristippus helped found.

  • [1] Additionally, Aristippus was the first of Socrates’ disciples to make money for his teaching, which on occasion he sent to Socrates, although often returned to him, due
    to Socrates viewing it as an insult.

  • [1] Since Aristippus valued pleasure more greatly than Socrates, as well as found less intrinsic value in virtue, other philosophers, like Plato and Xenophon, supported as
    well as brought about the accusation that Aristippus had defied and had strayed from Socrates’ philosophical teachings.

  • There he fell to discussing philosophical subjects, and presents were bestowed upon him, so that he could not only fit himself out, but could also provide those who accompanied
    him with clothing and all other necessaries of life.

  • [13][14][9] Cyrene, Libya, birthplace of Aristippus Due to his lifelong pursuit of pleasure and philosophical teachings on pleasure, against the teachings of Socrates, Aristippus
    garnered conflict between philosophers like Socrates and his fellow-pupils over the course of his life.

  • Diogenes Laërtius, on the authority of Sotion and Panaetius, gives a long list of books whose authorship is ascribed to Aristippus, though he also states that according to
    Sosicrates of Rhodes, Aristippus never wrote anything.

  • [1] Despite Aristippus’ bringing attention to the value of pursuing pleasure through moderation, Aristippus’ hedonistic philosophy often received backlash by Socrates and
    his fellow-pupils.

  • [23] Since Aristippus viewed himself more highly than his fellow philosophers, Aristippus having been the writer of such work has been considered unlikely due to the irregular
    effort such an act would have been for him.

  • [9] Due to the differences in philosophical values and beliefs, Aristippus and his hedonistic philosophy created a divide between him and Socrates as well as other prominent
    philosophers at that time.

  • [1] After forming his philosophy, Aristippus started the Cyrenaic school of philosophy where his philosophical principles would be taught, further structured, and turned into
    a comprehensive system by his daughter, Arete, and his grandson, Aristippus the Younger.

  • [8][9] Though a disciple of Socrates, Aristippus wandered both in principle and practice from the teaching and example of his master.

  • [1][12] In Book VI of De architectura, Vitruvius describes Aristippus: It is related of the Socratic philosopher Aristippus that, being shipwrecked and cast ashore on the
    coast of the Rhodians, he observed geometrical figures drawn thereon, and cried out to his companions: “Let us be of good cheer, for I see the traces of man.”

  • His view that pleasure is the only good came to be called ethical hedonism.

  • [18][9] In them, for instance, statements and descriptions regarding Aristippus are made, similar to the two statements of Horace,[18] being that to observe the precepts of
    Aristippus is “to endeavor to adapt circumstances to myself, not myself to circumstances”[19] and that, “every complexion of life, every station and circumstance sat gracefully upon him.”

  • [23] The name may have been adopted by the writer to suggest a connection with the hedonistic philosopher.

  • [3] He was a pupil of Socrates, but adopted a different philosophical outlook, teaching that the goal of life was to seek pleasure by adapting circumstances to oneself and
    by maintaining proper control over both adversity and prosperity.

  • [9] After learning the philosophical views and values of Socrates, Aristippus formed a greater interest in pleasure, eventually leading him to popularize and focus more solely
    on ethical hedonism.


Works Cited

[‘Mark, Joshua J. “Aristippus of Cyrene”. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2023-06-04.
2. ^ “Aristippus of Cyrene”. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2021-07-22.
3. ^ Although the systemization of the Cyrenaic philosophy is generally placed
with his grandson Aristippus the Younger.
4. ^ Moore, Andrew (2019), “Hedonism”, in Zalta, Edward N. (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2019 ed.), Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University, retrieved 2021-03-28, Ethical or
evaluative hedonism claims that only pleasure has worth or value and only pain or displeasure has disvalue or the opposite of worth.
5. ^ Jump up to:a b “Aristippus | Greek philosopher | Britannica”. Retrieved 2023-06-04.
6. ^
Matson, Watson (2006). Encyclopedia of philosophy. Vol. 2. Donald M. Borchert (2nd ed.). Detroit: Thomson Gale/Macmillan Reference USA. p. 619. ISBN 0-02-865780-2. OCLC 61151356. Although he had two sons, Aristippus designated his daughter Arete as
his intellectual heiress. She in turn bestowed the succession on her son Aristippus call “the Mother-taught.”
7. ^ Debra Nails, The People of Plato, ISBN 1603844031, p. 50
8. ^ Plutarch, De Curios. 2.
9. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f “A Dictionary
of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, Abaeus, Ariste’nus Ale’xius, Aristippus”. Retrieved 2023-06-04.
10. ^ Being the first of the disciples of Socrates who did so (Laërtius 1925, § 65).
11. ^ Jump up to:a b Laërtius,
Diogenes. Lives of the Eminent Philosophers.
12. ^ Jump up to:a b “Aristippus and the Pursuit of Pleasure | Classical Wisdom Weekly”. Retrieved 2023-06-04.
13. ^ Xenophon, Memorabilia, ii. 1.
14. ^ “The Memorabilia, by Xenophon”. Retrieved 2023-06-04.
15. ^ Diodorus, xiv. 79.
16. ^ “Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XIV, Chapter 79”. Retrieved 2023-06-04.
17. ^ Vitruvius, vi. 1.
18. ^ Jump up to:a b Horace, Ep. i. 1. 18
19. ^
Horace, i. 17. 23.
20. ^ Aristotle, Metaphys. iii. 2.
21. ^ Laërtius 1925, § 83-5.
22. ^ “Aristippus” entry in Alexander Chalmers, (1812), The General Biographical Dictionary Containing An Historical And Critical Account Of The Lives And Writings
Of The Most Eminent Persons In Every Nation, page 458.
23. ^ Jump up to:a b Warren James Castle, (1951), The Platonic epigrams, p. 14.
24. ^ Kathryn J. Gutzwiller, (1998), Poetic garlands: Hellenistic epigrams in context, p. 50. University of
California Press
25. ^ Laërtius 1925, i. § 96; Laërtius 1925, ii. § 23, 48–49; Laërtius 1925, iii. § 29–32; Laërtius 1925, iv. 19; v. 3–4, 39; Laërtius 1925, viii. 60.
2. Bryan, V. (2013, December 24). Aristippus and the pursuit of pleasure. Classical
Wisdom Weekly.
3. Laërtius, Diogenes (1925). “Socrates, with predecessors and followers: Aristippus” . Lives of the Eminent Philosophers. Vol. 1:2. Translated by Hicks,
Robert Drew (Two volume ed.). Loeb Classical Library.
4. Mark, J. J. (2014, August 16). Aristippus of Cyrene. World History Encyclopedia.
5. Siculus, D. (n.d.). Diodorus Siculus, library. Diodorus
Siculus, Library, Book XIV, Chapter 79.
6. Smith, W. (n.d.). A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology.
7. Tikkanen,
A. (n.d.). Aristippus. Encyclopædia Britannica.
8. Xenophon. (2013, January 15). The memorabilia. The Memorabilia, by Xenophon.
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