caranus of macedon


  • Remembering the oracle’s command to follow the lead of goats in his quest for an empire, Caranus established the city as his capital, and thereafter he made it a solemn observance,
    wheresoever he took his army, to keep those same goats before his standards in order to have as leaders in his exploits the animals which he had had with him to found the kingdom.

  • Caranus then decided to find another kingdom of his own, where he could be king.

  • At that time the king of the Orestae was at war with his neighbours, the Eordaei, and he called on Caranus to come to his aid, promising to give him half of his territory
    in return, if the Orestae were successful.

  • The king kept his promise, and Caranus took possession of the territory; he reigned there for 30 years, until he died in old age.

  • View of historians According to Justin (7.1) citing Marsyas of Pella Caranus also came to Emathia with a large band of Greeks, being instructed by an oracle to seek a home
    in Macedonia.

  • Caranus or Karanos (Greek romanized: Káranos) was the first king of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia according to later traditions.

  • According to Chronicon (Eusebius) Before the first Olympiad, Caranus was moved by ambition to collect forces from the Argives and from the rest of the Peloponnese, in order
    to lead an army into the territory of the Macedonians.


Works Cited

[‘1. Theopompus the Historian, Page 270 By Gordon Spencer Shrimpton ISBN 0-7735-0837-6
2. ^ Peter Green, Alexander of Macedon, 356–323 B.C.: A Historical Biography, University of California Press, 2013, p.103
3. ^ According to Pausanias (Description
of Greece, 9.40, 8–9), Caranus set up a trophy after the Argive fashion for a victory against Cisseus: “The Macedonians say that Caranus, king of Macedonia, overcame a chieftain in a bordering country in the battle of Cisseus. For his victory Caranus
set up a trophy after the Argive fashion, but it is said to have been upset by a lion from Olympus, which then vanished. Caranus realized that it was a mistaken policy to incur the undying hatred of the non-Greeks dwelling around, and so the rule
was adopted that no king of Macedonia, neither Caranus himself nor any of his successors, should set up trophies, if they were ever to gain the good-will of their neighbors. This story is confirmed by the fact that Alexander set up no trophies, neither
for his victory over Dareius nor for those he won in India.”
4. ^ W. W. How, J. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus
5. ^ Plutarch, Alexander, 2.1
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