cass sunstein


  • In 1985, Sunstein was made a full professor of both political science and law; in 1988, he was named the Karl N. Llewellyn Professor of Jurisprudence in the Law School and
    Department of Political Science.

  • [2] As a professor at the University of Chicago Law School for 27 years, he wrote influential works on regulatory and constitutional law, among other topics.

  • Sunstein co-authored Nudge: Improving Decisions about Health, Wealth, and Happiness (Yale University Press, 2008) with economist Richard Thaler of the University of Chicago.

  • “[35] Animal rights[edit] Some of Sunstein’s work has addressed the question of animal rights, as he co-authored a book dealing with the subject, has written papers on it,
    and was an invited speaker at “Facing Animals”, an event at Harvard University described as “a groundbreaking panel on animals in ethics and the law.

  • [3] Since leaving the White House, Sunstein has been the Robert Walmsley University Professor at Harvard Law School.

  • Cass Robert Sunstein[1] (born September 21, 1954) is an American legal scholar known for his studies of constitutional law, administrative law, environmental law, law and
    behavioral economics.

  • First Amendment[edit] In his book Democracy and the Problem of Free Speech Sunstein says there is a need to reformulate First Amendment law.

  • The university honored him in 1993 with its “distinguished service” accolade, permanently changing his title to Karl N. Llewellyn Distinguished Service Professor of Jurisprudence
    in the Law School and Department of Political Science.

  • He then attended the Harvard Law School, where he became the executive editor of the Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review and was a member of the winning team of
    the Ames Moot Court Competition.

  • He is widely regarded as the leading scholar of administrative law in the U.S., and he is by far the most cited legal scholar in the United States and probably the world.

  • In 1981, he became an assistant professor of law at the University of Chicago Law School (1981–1983), where he also became an assistant professor in the Department of Political
    Science (1983–1985).

  • Chambliss objected to the introduction of Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions, a volume edited by Sunstein and his then-companion Martha Nussbaum.

  • In the fall of 2008, he joined the faculty of Harvard Law School and began serving as the director of its Program on Risk Regulation:[12] The Program on Risk Regulation will
    focus on how law and policy deal with the central hazards of the 21st century.

  • He teaches courses in constitutional law, administrative law, and environmental law, as well as the required first-year course “Elements of the Law”, which is an introduction
    to legal reasoning, legal theory, and the interdisciplinary study of law, including law and economics.

  • He thinks that the current formulation, based on Justice Holmes’ conception of free speech as a marketplace, “disserves the aspirations of those who wrote America’s founding

  • [4] In 2014, studies of legal publications found Sunstein to be the most frequently cited American legal scholar by a wide margin.

  • [citation needed] According to Sunstein, the interpretation of federal law should be made not by judges but by the beliefs and commitments of the U.S. president and those
    around him.

  • [11] Sunstein was the Samuel Rubin Visiting Professor of Law at Columbia Law School in the fall of 1986 and a visiting professor at Harvard Law School in the spring 1987,
    winter 2005, and spring 2007 terms.

  • He is considered so prolific a writer that in 2007, an article in the legal publication The Green Bag coined the concept of a “Sunstein number” reflecting degrees of separation
    between various legal authors and Sunstein, paralleling the Erdős numbers sometimes assigned to mathematician authors.

  • [12] On January 7, 2009, The Wall Street Journal reported that Sunstein would be named to head the White House Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA).

  • Some view him as liberal,[27] despite Sunstein’s public support for George W. Bush’s judicial nominees Michael W. McConnell and John G. Roberts,[28] as well as providing strongly
    maintained theoretical support for the death penalty.

  • Harvard: Harvard Business Review Press.

  • [26] Together with Daniel Kahneman and Olivier Sibony, Sunstein co-authored Noise: A Flaw in Human Judgment, which was published in May 2021.

  • Sunstein’s 2004 book, The Second Bill of Rights: FDR’s Unfinished Revolution and Why We Need It More than Ever, advocates the Second Bill of Rights proposed by Franklin D.

  • “[21] Sunstein is a contributing editor to The New Republic and The American Prospect and is a frequent witness before congressional committees.

  • [5][6] Early life and education Sunstein was born on September 21, 1954, in Waban, Massachusetts, to Marian (née Goodrich), a teacher, and Cass Richard Sunstein, a builder,
    both Jewish.

  • Sunstein scorned as “ludicrous” an argument from law professor George P. Fletcher, who believed that the Supreme Court would find Bush’s military commissions without any legal

  • Sunstein has collaborated with academics who have training in behavioral economics, most notably Daniel Kahneman, Richard Thaler, and Christine M. Jolls, to show how the theoretical
    assumptions of law and economics should be modified by new empirical findings about how people actually behave.

  • New York: Cambridge University Press.

  • [29] Conservative libertarian legal scholar Richard A. Epstein described Sunstein as “one of the more conservative players in the Obama administration.

  • The Bill of Rights and the Modern State.

  • An Empirical Analysis of the Federal Judiciary (2005), Infotopia: How Many Minds Produce Knowledge (2006), and, co-authored with Richard Thaler, Nudge: Improving Decisions
    about Health, Wealth, and Happiness (2008).

  • New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press.

  • [22] He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (elected 1992), the American Law Institute (since 1990), and the American Philosophical Society (elected 2010).

  • Among these rights are a right to an education, a right to a home, a right to health care, and a right to protection against monopolies; Sunstein argues that the Second Bill
    of Rights has had a large international impact and should be revived in the United States.

  • New York: Basic Books.

  • New York: Basic Books.

  • Sunstein plans to rely on significant student involvement in the work of this new program.

  • Dr Tammy Boyce, from public health foundation The King’s Fund, has said: We need to move away from short-term, politically motivated initiatives such as the ‘nudging people’
    idea, which are not based on any good evidence and don’t help people make long-term behavior changes.

  • “[30] Much of his work also brings behavioral economics to bear on law, suggesting that the “rational actor” model will sometimes produce an inadequate understanding of how
    people will respond to legal intervention.

  • He is also The New York Times best-selling author of The World According to Star Wars (2016) and Nudge (2008).

  • In recent years, Sunstein has been a guest writer on The Volokh Conspiracy blog as well as the blogs of law professors Lawrence Lessig (Harvard) and Jack Balkin (Yale).

  • [10] After his clerkships, Sunstein spent one year as an attorney-advisor in the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Legal Counsel.

  • Oxford New York: Oxford University Press.

  • Sunstein’s books include After the Rights Revolution (1990), The Partial Constitution (1993), Democracy and the Problem of Free Speech (1993), Legal Reasoning and Political
    Conflict (1996), Free Markets and Social Justice (1997), One Case at a Time (1999), Risk and Reason (2002), Why Societies Need Dissent (2003), Laws of Fear: Beyond the Precautionary Principle (2005), Radicals in Robes: Why Extreme Right-Wing
    Courts Are Wrong for America (2005), Are Judges Political?

  • The Ethics of Influence: Government in the Age of Behavioral Science.

  • Administrative Law and Regulatory Policy: Problems, Text, and Cases (7th ed.).

  • [24] In February 2020, he wrote an article for Bloomberg titled “The Cognitive Bias That Makes Us Panic About Coronavirus”.

  • “[39] Sunstein’s views on animal rights generated controversy when Sen. Saxby Chambliss (R-Ga.) blocked his appointment to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs
    by Obama.

  • “[9][non-primary source needed] After high school, Sunstein attended Harvard College.

  • New York: The Free Press.

  • [20] Contributing to the anthology Our American Story (2019), Sunstein addressed the possibility of a shared American narrative.

  • Journal articles[edit] • Sunstein, Cass R. (January 1989).

  • “[37] He proposes a “New Deal for speech [that] would draw on Justice Brandeis’ insistence on the role of free speech in promoting political deliberation and citizenship.

  • On the other hand, there are some ways of thinking in the current situation that make it look not so good, including our Star Wars prequels Sunstein compared Star Wars to
    his work for the Obama administration, saying that his approach to regulatory reform was very similar to Lucas’ constrained approach to the movies as “episodes”.

  • His 2001 book,, argued that the Internet may weaken democracy because it allows citizens to isolate themselves within groups that share their own views and experiences,
    and thus cut themselves off from any information that might challenge their beliefs, a phenomenon known as cyberbalkanization.

  • In arguing for this theory, he counsels thinkers/academics/politicians to embrace the findings of behavioral economics as applied to law, maintaining freedom of choice while
    also steering peoples’ decisions in directions that will make their lives go better.

  • “Under our proposal, the word marriage would no longer appear in any laws, and marriage licenses would no longer be offered or recognized by any level of government,” argues

  • He goes on further, “Governments would not be asked to endorse any particular relationships by conferring on them the term marriage,” and refers to state-recognized marriage
    as an “official license scheme”.

  • “Introduction: Notes on feminist political thought”.

  • Views Legal philosophy[edit] Sunstein is a proponent of judicial minimalism, arguing that judges should focus primarily on deciding the case at hand, and avoid making sweeping
    changes to the law or decisions that have broad-reaching effects.

  • [32] Military commissions[edit] In 2002, at the height of controversy over Bush’s creation of military commissions without Congressional approval, Sunstein stepped forward
    to insist, “Under existing law, President George W. Bush has the legal authority to use military commissions” and that “President Bush’s choice stands on firm legal ground.”

  • Sunstein and Vermeule also analyze the practice of recruiting “nongovernmental officials”; they suggest that “government can supply these independent experts with information
    and perhaps prod them into action from behind the scenes,” further warning that “too close a connection will be self-defeating if it is exposed.

  • At time of publication, there have been 68 confirmed COVID-19 cases in the U.S., including one death, and approximately 1000 new daily cases worldwide, over 300 of which in

  • [59] Church of Mary Immaculate, Lohar, Waterville On July 4, 2008, Sunstein married Samantha Power, a diplomat and government official who would serve as United States Ambassador
    to the United Nations, whom he met when they both worked as campaign advisors to Barack Obama.


Works Cited

[‘Current biography yearbook. H.W. Wilson Company. 2008.
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a University Professor”. Harvard Gazette. February 19, 2013.
o ^ 2014 Scholarly Impact – Leitner Rankings.
o ^ Farris, Nick; Aggerbeck, Valerie; McNevin, Megan; Sisk, Gregory C. (August 18, 2016). “Judicial Impact of Law School Faculties”. Rochester,
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o ^ “The Pittsburgh Press – Google News Archive Search”. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
o ^ Washington Post: “”Mondoweiss” is a hate site (Update)” by
David Bernstein May 4, 2015
o ^ Sunstein, Cass R. (April 9, 2020). “The Siren of Selfishness”. New York Review of Books. ISSN 0028-7504. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
o ^ “Cass R. Sunstein : Curriculum Vitae”. Archived from the original on September
6, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
o ^ Hundley, Tom (March 22, 2009). “Ivory Tower of Power”. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
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July 27, 2012.
o ^ Weisman, Jonathan; Bravin, Jess (January 8, 2009). “Obama’s Regulatory Czar Likely to Set a New Tone”. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
o ^ “Choices for OIRA: Reinvigorating Protection of Health, Safety, and
the Environment”. Center for Progressive Reform. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
o ^ “How Anti-Regulation is Obama’s New Regulatory Czar?”. ThinkProgress.
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o ^ Andrew Sparrow (August 22, 2008). “Speak ‘Nudge’: The 10 key phrases from David Cameron’s favourite book”. The Guardian. London. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
o ^ Carol Lewis (July 22, 2009). “Why Barack Obama and
David Cameron are keen to ‘nudge’ you”. The Times. London. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
o ^ James Forsyth (July 16, 2009). “Nudge, nudge: meet the Cameroons’ new guru”. The Spectator. Archived from the original on January 24, 2009. Retrieved
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o ^ Lakhani, Nina (December 7, 2008). “Unhealthy lifestyles here to stay, in spite of costly campaigns”. The Independent. London. Retrieved April 28, 2010.
o ^ Claybourn, Joshua, ed. (2019). Our American Story: The Search for
a Shared National Narrative. Lincoln, NE: Potomac Books. pp. 151–159. ISBN 978-1-64012-170-6.
o ^ Edelman, Paul H.; George, Tracey E. (2007). “Six Degrees of Cass Sunstein” (PDF). The Green Bag. 11 (1): 19–36.
o ^ “APS Member History”.
Retrieved April 21, 2021.
o ^ “Department of Management, Society and Communication – CBS – Copenhagen Business School”. January 6, 2017.
o ^ Sunstein, Cass R. (February 28, 2020). “The Cognitive Bias That Makes Us Panic About Coronavirus”. Bloomberg.
Retrieved April 18, 2022.
o ^ “COVID-19 new daily cases worldwide by region 2020”.
o ^ Goldstein, Tom (April 9, 2010). “The Next Justice: What to expect in the coming months”. The New Republic. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
o ^ Lee, Tim (November
14, 2007). “Sunstein on the Second Amendment”. The American Scene. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
o ^ Cass Sunstein (2005). “Is Capital Punishment Morally Required? The Relevance of Life-Life Tradeoffs”.
o ^ Epstein, Richard. “Epstein Criticizes Sunstein’s
o ^ Sunstein, Cass (September 25, 2006). “Beyond Marbury: The Executive’s Power To Say What the Law Is”. The Yale Law Journal Retrieved August 7, 2013.
o ^ Jump up to:a b Thaler, Richard H.; Sunstein, Cass R.
(2008). Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness. Caravan Books. ISBN 978-0-300-12223-7.
o ^ “The Military Tribunal Debate”. The American Prospect. March 6, 2002.
o ^ Cass R. Sunstein, Democracy and the Problem of Free Speech,
The Free Press, 1995, p. 119e
o ^ Jump up to:a b Sunstein, Democracy and the Problem of Free Speech, p. 119
o ^ Cass Sunstein, 2.0 (Princeton University Press, 2007), p. xii
o ^ Sunstein, Democracy and the Problem of Free Speech,
p. xi
o ^ Facing Animals Archived June 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine May 9, 2007, speech at Harvard from Google video
o ^ “Archived copy” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 20, 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2012., Accessed July 22,
o ^ Jump up to:a b c “Why we Should Celebrate Paying Taxes”. Retrieved November 29, 2021.
o ^ The Defense of Marriage Act: hearing before the United States Senate Judiciary Committee. 1996. ISBN 9780160529931.
o ^ Jump
up to:a b c Sunstein, Cass R.; Vermeule, Adrian (2008). “Conspiracy Theories by Cass Sunstein, Adrian Vermeule”. doi:10.2139/ssrn.1084585. S2CID 55831850. SSRN 1084585.
o ^ “Obama staffer wants ‘cognitive infiltration’ of 9/11
conspiracy groups”. Raw Story – Celebrating 17 Years of Independent Journalism. January 14, 2010. Archived from the original on January 29, 2016. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
o ^ [1] Archived January 21, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
o ^ Greenwald,
Glenn (January 15, 2010). “Obama confidant’s spine-chilling proposal”. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
o ^ David Ray Griffin, Cognitive Infiltration, An Obama Appointee’s Plan To Undermine The 9/11 Conspiracy Theory. Olive Branch Press, ISBN
o ^ Kurtis Hagen, “Is Infiltration of ‘Extremist Groups’ Justified?” International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24.2 (Fall 2010) 153–68.
o ^ Kurtis Hagen, “Conspiracy Theories and Stylized Facts,” Journal for Peace and Justice
Studies 21.2 (Fall 2011) 3–22.
o ^ Lance deHaven-Smith, Conspiracy Theory in America. University of Texas Press, 2014. ISBN 978-0-292-75769-1
o ^ Coady, David (2018). “Cass Sunstein and Adrian Vermeule on Conspiracy Theories [Special Issue]”.
Argumenta – Journal of Analytic Philosophy. 3 (2): 291–302.
o ^ Sunstein, Cass (2016). The World According to Star Wars. Dey Street Books.
o ^ Fitzpatrick, Alex (May 31, 2016). “This Book Will Help You Become the Ultimate Star Wars Fan”. Time.
Retrieved May 18, 2021.
o ^ Sunstain, Cass (2016). The World According to Star Wars. Del Rey Books. p. Preface.
o ^ McLevy, Alex (June 2, 2016). “Cass Sunstein explains why Star Wars is like America”. AV Club. Retrieved March 30, 2020.
o ^ Ruddick,
Lisa Cole (1990). Gertrude Stein–Body, Text, Gnosis. Reading women writing. Cornell University Press. p. xv. ISBN 978-0-8014-9957-9. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
o ^ “Lisa Ruddick | Department of English Language and Literature”.
Archived from the original on October 27, 2015.
o ^ Kail, Ellyn (June 4, 2017). “An Interview With My Father, Cass Sunstein”. The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 31, 2020.
o ^ Buckley, Cara (March 16, 2008). “A Monster of a Slip”. The New York
Times. Retrieved October 12, 2017.
o ^ “Sunstein and Power, Harvard Power Couple, Tie the Knot”. The Harvard Crimson. July 7, 2008. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
o ^ Kantor, Jodi (July 30, 2008). “Teaching Law, Testing Ideas, Obama Stood Slightly Apart”.
The New York Times. Retrieved October 27, 2008.
o ^ [2] Archived July 13, 2008, at
o ^ “New Baby for New D.C. Power Couple”. The Washington Post.
o ^ Sunstein, Cass R. (April 29, 2015). “How Far Can an Amateur Make It in a Professional
Sports Tournament?”. The Atlantic.
o ^ “Cass Sunstein – Professional Squash Association”.
o ^ “Elections to the British Academy celebrate the diversity of UK research”. British Academy. July 2, 2017. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
o ^
“Holberg Prize and Nils Klim Prize Laureates 2018 Announced”. Holbergprisen. March 10, 2017. Archived from the original on August 1, 2017. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
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