It is found wild in many parts of England, especially on limestone soil.
Rodents should be kept away from the garden since they depredate the seeds either when still in fruiting plants within the carpels or from the floor after seed release.
The flowers, typically for the family, contain numerous stamens as well as up to ten nectaries which make them attractive to bees and other insects.
 Horticulture H. foetidus is grown in gardens for its handsome evergreen foliage and large numbers of green, bell-shaped flowers borne in late winter.
 The cultivar ‘Green Giant’ has very bright green flowers and finely divided foliage; ‘Miss Jekyll’ has fragrant flowers, intensity varying with the time of day; ‘Wester
Flisk Group’ has red-tinted leaves and stems and gray-green flowers; the ‘Sierra Nevada Group’ is dwarf, reaching 30 cm.
[‘North, Pamela (1967). Poisonous plants and fungi in colour. Blandford Press & Pharmacological Society of Great Britain. OL 193794W.
2. ^ Barley, Shanta (10 February 2010). “Stinky flower is kept warm by yeast partner”. New Scientist. Retrieved 10
3. ^ Herrera, Carlos; María I. Pozo (10 February 2010). “Nectar yeasts warm the flowers of a winter-blooming plant”. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 277 (1689): 1827–34. doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.2252. PMC 2871880. PMID 20147331.
“Helleborus foetidus”. RHS Plant Selector. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
5. ^ “AGM Plants – Ornamental” (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 47. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
6. ^ Fedriani, JM; Rey, PJ; Garrido, JL; Guitian, J; Herrera, CM;
Medrano, M; Sanchez-Lafuente, AM; Cerdá, X (2004). “Geographical variation in the potential of mice to constrain an ant-seed dispersal mutualism”. Oikos. 105: 181–191. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.12782.x. hdl:10261/40326. OCLC 808298507.
has bloom time data for Helleborus foetidus on the Bloom Clock
• “Helleborus foetidus L”. Flora Europaea. Royal Botanical Garden Edinburgh. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
• Franklin Perring; Max Walters (1989). Macmillan field guide to British wildflowers.
Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-44522-8.
• Flora, the gardener’s bible. Ultimo, NSW, Australia: ABC books. 2006. OL 2373715W.
• Geoff Bryant; Tony Rodd; Kate Bryant (2005). Ultimate plant book. Collingwood, Victoria, Australia: CSIRO Publishing. OCLC
Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/calliope/113902743/’]