helleborus foetidus


  • It is found wild in many parts of England, especially on limestone soil.

  • Rodents should be kept away from the garden since they depredate the seeds either when still in fruiting plants within the carpels or from the floor after seed release.

  • The flowers, typically for the family, contain numerous stamens as well as up to ten nectaries which make them attractive to bees and other insects.

  • [2][3] Horticulture H. foetidus is grown in gardens for its handsome evergreen foliage and large numbers of green, bell-shaped flowers borne in late winter.

  • [4][5] The cultivar ‘Green Giant’ has very bright green flowers and finely divided foliage; ‘Miss Jekyll’ has fragrant flowers, intensity varying with the time of day; ‘Wester
    Flisk Group’ has red-tinted leaves and stems and gray-green flowers; the ‘Sierra Nevada Group’ is dwarf, reaching 30 cm.


Works Cited

[‘North, Pamela (1967). Poisonous plants and fungi in colour. Blandford Press & Pharmacological Society of Great Britain. OL 193794W.
2. ^ Barley, Shanta (10 February 2010). “Stinky flower is kept warm by yeast partner”. New Scientist. Retrieved 10
February 2010.
3. ^ Herrera, Carlos; María I. Pozo (10 February 2010). “Nectar yeasts warm the flowers of a winter-blooming plant”. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 277 (1689): 1827–34. doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.2252. PMC 2871880. PMID 20147331.
4. ^
“Helleborus foetidus”. RHS Plant Selector. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
5. ^ “AGM Plants – Ornamental” (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 47. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
6. ^ Fedriani, JM; Rey, PJ; Garrido, JL; Guitian, J; Herrera, CM;
Medrano, M; Sanchez-Lafuente, AM; Cerdá, X (2004). “Geographical variation in the potential of mice to constrain an ant-seed dispersal mutualism”. Oikos. 105: 181–191. doi:10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.12782.x. hdl:10261/40326. OCLC 808298507.

has bloom time data for Helleborus foetidus on the Bloom Clock
• “Helleborus foetidus L”. Flora Europaea. Royal Botanical Garden Edinburgh. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
• Franklin Perring; Max Walters (1989). Macmillan field guide to British wildflowers.
Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-44522-8.
• Flora, the gardener’s bible. Ultimo, NSW, Australia: ABC books. 2006. OL 2373715W.
• Geoff Bryant; Tony Rodd; Kate Bryant (2005). Ultimate plant book. Collingwood, Victoria, Australia: CSIRO Publishing. OCLC
Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/calliope/113902743/’]