international bureau of weights and measures


  • Abbreviation: BIPM (from French name); Formation: 20 May 1875; 147 years ago; Type: Intergovernmental; Location: Saint-Cloud, France; Coordinates: 48°49′45.55″N 2°13′12.64″E;
    Region served: Worldwide; Official language: French and English; Director: Martin Milton Structure The BIPM is supervised by the International Committee for Weights and Measures (French: CIPM), a committee of eighteen members that meet normally
    in two sessions per year,[1] which is in turn overseen by the General Conference on Weights and Measures (French: CGPM) that meets in Paris usually once every four years, consisting of delegates of the governments of the Member States[2][3]
    and observers from the Associates of the CGPM.

  • It combines, analyses, and averages the official atomic time standards of member nations around the world to create a single, official Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

  • The International Bureau of Weights and Measures (French: BIPM) is an intergovernmental organisation, through which its 59 member-states act together on measurement standards
    in four areas: chemistry, ionising radiation, physical metrology, and coordinated universal time.

  • History The BIPM was created on 20 May 1875, following the signing of the Metre Convention, a treaty among 17 Member States (as of November 2018 there are now 59 members).

  • Currently, the BIPM’s main work includes:[7][8] • Scientific and technical activities carried out in its four departments: chemistry, ionising radiation, physical metrology,
    and time • Liaison and coordination work, including providing the secretariat for the CIPM Consultative Committees and some of their Working Groups and for the CIPM MRA, and providing institutional liaison with the other bodies supporting
    the international quality infrastructure and other international bodies • Capacity building and knowledge transfer programs to increase the effectiveness within the worldwide metrology community of those Member State and Associates with emerging
    metrology systems • A resource centre providing a database and publications for international metrology The BIPM is one of the twelve member organisations of the International Network on Quality Infrastructure (INetQI), which promotes and
    implements QI activities in metrology, accreditation, standardisation and conformity assessment.

  • This task takes many forms, from direct dissemination of units to coordination through international comparisons of national measurement standards (as in electricity and ionising

  • [5] Function The BIPM has the mandate to provide the basis for a single, coherent system of measurements throughout the world, traceable to the International System of Units


Works Cited

[‘”International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM)”. BIPM. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
2. ^ Pellet, Alain (2009). Droit international public. LGDJ. p. 574. ISBN 978-2-275-02390-8.
3. ^ Schermers, Henry G. (2018). International Institutional Law.
Brill. pp. 302–303. ISBN 978-90-04-38165-0.
4. ^ “Brief history of the SI”. BIPM. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
5. ^ Jump up to:a b Page, Chester H; Vigoureux, Paul, eds. (20 May 1975). The International Bureau of Weights and Measures 1875–1975: NBS
Special Publication 420. Washington, D.C.: National Bureau of Standards. pp. 26–27.
6. ^ “History of the Pavillon de Breteuil”. BIPM. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
7. ^ “BIPM: Our work programme”. BIPM. Archived from the original on 30 May 2020. Retrieved
14 May 2020.
8. ^ Cai, Juan (Ada). “The Case of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM)” (PDF). OECD. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2022. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
9. ^ “International Network on Quality
Infrastructure”. INetQI. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
10. ^ “Time Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)”. BIPM. Archived from the original on 29 May 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
11. ^ “Directors of the BIPM since 1875”. Bureau International des Poids et
Mesures. 2018. Archived from the original on 27 March 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
12. ^ “NPL Fellow, Dr Martin Milton , is new Director at foundation of world’s measurement system”. QMT News. Quality Manufacturing Today. August 2012. Retrieved
14 May 2020.
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