john ralston saul


  • Faced with opposition, and even violence, Saul contends that the two men united behind a set of principles and programs that formed modern Canada.

  • “Peace, Fairness, and Good Government” In this section Saul argues that instead of the phrase “peace, order, and good government”, which appears in and has become a touchstone
    of the 1867 Canadian Constitution, the phrase that dominated previous Canadian documents was “peace, welfare, and good government”.

  • Drawing on the work of scholars like Harold Innis and Gerald Friesen,[13] Saul argues that contemporary Canada has been deeply influenced and shaped by Aboriginal ideas and
    the experience of both Francophone and Anglophone immigrants over the 250 years, from 1600 on, during which Aboriginals were either the dominant force in Canada, or equal partners.

  • It was during those extended periods in Northwest Africa and Southeast Asia where he witnessed fellow writers their suffering government suppression of freedom of expression,
    which caused him to become interested in the work of PEN International.

  • [14] “An Intentional Civilization” Saul uses the final section of the book to argue for a return to an understanding of Canada as a unique response to particular historical

  • A Fair Country[edit] A Fair Country (2008) is Saul’s second major work on Canada.

  • His work is known for being thought-provoking and ahead of its time, leading him to be called a “prophet” by Time[3] and to be included in Utne Reader’s list of the world’s
    leading thinkers and visionaries.

  • But it was during the “Great Ministry” of 1848–51 that the two politicians implemented laws that Saul argues created a more equitable country.

  • : Anatomie d’une société en crise (1996) • Reflections of a Siamese Twin: Canada at the End of the Twentieth Century (1997) • On Equilibrium: Six Qualities of the New Humanism
    (2001) • The John W. Holmes Memorial Lecture (2004) • The Collapse of Globalism and the Reinvention of the World (2005) • Joseph Howe and the Battle for Freedom of Speech (2006) • A Fair Country: Telling Truths About Canada (2008) • Louis-Hippolyte
    LaFontaine and Robert Baldwin (2010) • The Comeback (2014) • Le Grand Retour (2015) – French edition of The Comeback, translated by Daniel Poliquin Honours Saul was named a companion to the Order of Canada in 1999[17].

  • Saul is most widely known for his writings on the nature of individualism, citizenship and the public good; the failures of manager-led societies;[1] the confusion between
    leadership and managerialism; military strategy, in particular irregular warfare; the role of freedom of speech and culture; and critiques of the prevailing economic paradigm.

  • After helping to set up the national oil company Petro-Canada in 1976, as assistant to its first chair, Maurice F. Strong, Saul published his first novel, The Birds of Prey,
    in 1977.

  • Between 1983 and 1988 Saul then published The Field Trilogy, which deals with the crisis of modern power and its clash with the individual.

  • He argues that Canada’s complex national identity is made up of the “triangular reality” of the three nations that compose it: First Peoples, francophones, and anglophones.

  • Saul suggests that the ensuing emphasis on “order” has not truly represented Canadian origins.

  • Saul has testified before the European Parliament Human Rights Commission on the loss of freedom of expression in Tunisia, has spoken before European Council on Refugees in
    Exile, and has published an essay on writers in exile, which has been translated into several languages.

  • The two leaders of Lower and Upper Canada, respectively, worked together after the 1841 Union to lead a reformist movement for responsible government run by elected citizens
    instead of a colonial governor.

  • While its focus is on encouraging new citizens to take their rightful place in Canada, the ICC aims to encourage all citizens – new or not – to embrace active citizenship
    in their daily life.

  • He is also founder and honorary chair of French for the Future, which encourages bilingual French-English education, chair of the advisory board for the LaFontaine-Baldwin
    Symposium lecture series, and a patron of Planned Lifetime Advocacy Network.

  • [9] Between the years of 1990 and 1992, Saul acted as the president of the Canadian centre of PEN International.

  • In the same vein, he criticizes both those in the Quebec separatist Montreal School for emphasizing the conflicts in Canadian history and the Orange Order and the Clear Grits
    traditionally seeking clear definitions of Canadian-ness and loyalty.

  • [15] The “comeback” that Saul identifies in this new book emphasizes the strides that Aboriginal people have made in reversing years of population decline and “cultural oppression”.

  • He also suggests that while current Canadian elites reflect a “disturbing mediocrity” this was not always the case.

  • In it, he argues that Canada did not begin in 1867, but that in fact its foundations were laid by LaFontaine and Baldwin much earlier.

  • The last won the 1996 Governor General’s Award for Non-Fiction Literature.

  • In Saul’s view, this observation, while obvious to anyone who studies the history, nonetheless needs hammering home.

  • The ICC is a national, non-profit charity that helps accelerate new citizens’ integration into Canadian life through original programs, collaborations and unique volunteer

  • During this period he devoted much of his time to issues of freedom of expression, poverty, public education and bilingualism.

  • Saul is co-chair of the Institute for Canadian Citizenship, which encourages new Canadians to become active citizens.

  • He argues that literature and freedom of expression are the same thing; that you cannot have one without the other.

  • In this book, he proposed the idea of Canada being a “soft” country, meaning not that the nation is weak, but that it has a flexible and complex identity, as opposed to the
    unyielding or monolithic identities of other states.

  • [5] Early life and education Saul is the son of William Saul, an army officer, and a British mother whose family had a long tradition of military service.

  • PEN International[edit] Saul was elected as the international president of PEN International for a three-year term at its Annual Congress in Linz, Austria in October 2009.

  • Today’s Aboriginal population, for all the problems that afflict it, has overcome incredible disadvantages to achieve what Saul calls “a position of power, influence and civilizational
    creativity” in Canadian society.

  • Strong described Saul as “an invaluable, though unconventional, member of my personal staff.

  • These books deal with themes such as the dictatorship of reason unbalanced by other human qualities, how it can be used for any ends especially in a directionless state that
    rewards the pursuit of power for power’s sake.

  • Far from being an inevitable force, Saul argued that globalization is already breaking down in the face of widespread public opposition and that the world was seeing a rise
    in nationalism.

  • His doctoral thesis, The Evolution of Civil–Military Relations in France after the Algerian War,[citation needed] led him to France for research.


Works Cited

[‘Or, more precisely, technocrat-led.
2. ^ “6 Degrees”. 6 Degrees. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
3. ^ “John Ralston Saul”. Speakers’ Spotlight. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
4. ^ “2014 Shaughnessy Cohen Prize for Political Writing Finalist”. The Writers’
Trust of Canada. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
5. ^ Jump up to:a b “John Ralston Saul”. PEN International. October 17, 2019. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
6. ^ Jump up to:a b c Henighan, Stephen (April 12, 2010). “Citizen Saul”. The Walrus. Retrieved
August 2, 2018.
7. ^ “Citizen Saul | The Walrus”. April 12, 2010. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
8. ^ D’Souza, Claudia (December 12, 1999). “When the Governor General Calls”. The Oakville Beaver. p. 9. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
9. ^ “Ralston
Saul to focus on indigenous languages at PEN”. CBC News. October 23, 2009. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
10. ^ “His Excellency John Ralston Saul J.D. Young Memorial Lecture ‘A New Era of Irregular Warfare?'”. Governor General of Canada. Archived from
the original on February 26, 2009.
11. ^ The McGill Law Journal Annual Lecture Archived December 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
12. ^ Saul, John Ralston. “Slaves to Money and Growth: when did saving a bank become more important than saving a
country?”. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
13. ^ Friesen, Gerald. Citizens and Nation: An Essay on History, Communication, and Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000.
14. ^ Saul, John Ralston. A Fair Country:
Telling Truths About Canada. Toronto: Viking, 2008, p. 174
15. ^ Medley, Mark (January 27, 2015). “Shaughnessy Cohen Prize finalists announced”. The Globe and Mail.
16. ^ Francis, Daniel (November 19, 2015). “Time for a Rewrite”. Geist. Retrieved
March 18, 2017.
17. ^ General, Office of the Secretary to the Governor. “Mr. John Ralston Saul”. The Governor General of Canada. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
18. ^ “John Ralston Saul | Awards and Distinctions | The University of Winnipeg”.
Retrieved August 15, 2022.
19. ^ “King’s celebrates its new honorary graduates”. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
20. ^ “John Ralston Saul’s Order of Canada Citation”. Governor General of Canada. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
21. ^
22. ^ “The Order of Ontario”. The Government of Ontario. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
23. ^ “John Ralston Saul Queen Elizabeth II’s Golden Jubilee Medal”.
Governor General of Canada. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
24. ^ “John Ralston Saul Queen Elizabeth II’s Diamond Jubilee Medal”. Governor General of Canada. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
25. ^ “John Ralston Saul [visiting faculty]”. Retrieved
October 27, 2020.
26. ^ “McGill Honorary Degree Recipients 1935-October 2019” (PDF). McGill University. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
27. ^ “Honorary Degree Recipients to 2020” (PDF). Simon Fraser University. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
28. ^ “Past
Honorary Degree Recipients”. Simon Fraser University. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
29. ^ “John Ralston Saul’s Honorary Degree Citation” (PDF). Simon Fraser University. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
30. ^ “Honorary Degree Recipients”. University of
Manitoba. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
31. ^ “His Excellency John Ralston Saul Honorary Degree Laurentian University”. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
32. ^ “Queen’s University Honorary Degrees” (PDF). Queen’s University. Retrieved
August 16, 2021.
33. ^ “Mount Allison University | Honorary degree recipients 21st century”. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
34. ^ “His Excellency John Ralston Saul Address Made Upon the Conferral of an Honorary Degree (Honoris Causa)
Herzen State Pedagogical University”. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
35. ^ “Speech – D. University 2004 John RALSTON SAUL, 2004 | About uOttawa | University of Ottawa”. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
36. ^ “Honorary Graduates
of Memorial University of Newfoundland 1960-Present” (PDF). Memorial University of Newfoundland. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
37. ^ “Honorary Degree Recipients”. Nipissing University. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
38. ^ “John Ralston Saul Honorary
Doctorate”. University of Winnipeg. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
39. ^ “John Ralston Saul Convocation Address” (PDF). University of Winnipeg. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
40. ^ “2018 Honorary Degree Recipients”. Dalhousie University. Retrieved August
16, 2021.
41. ^ “John Ralston Saul”. Dalhousie University. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
42. ^ “King’s celebrates its new honorary graduates”. King’s College London. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
43. ^ “Writer Saul wins”. Montreal Gazette, May 9,
44. ^ “Montador award winners named”. North Bay Nugget, May 27, 1999.
45. ^ “John Ralston Saul fonds, Library and Archives Canada”. July 20, 2017. Retrieved September 18, 2020.
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