new york city


  • [47][48] Dutch rule New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it “New York” A permanent European presence
    near New York Harbor began in 1624—making New York the 12th oldest continuously occupied European-established settlement in the continental United States[49]—with the founding of a Dutch fur trading settlement on Governors Island.

  • [107] New York City was a prime destination in the early twentieth century for African Americans during the Great Migration from the American South, and by 1916, New York
    City had become home to the largest urban African diaspora in North America.

  • [111] Returning World War II veterans created a post-war economic boom and the development of large housing tracts in eastern Queens and Nassau County as well as similar suburban
    areas in New Jersey.

  • Shortly after the British occupation began, the Great Fire of New York occurred, a large conflagration on the West Side of Lower Manhattan, which destroyed about a quarter
    of the buildings in the city, including Trinity Church.

  • [84] By 1790, New York had surpassed Philadelphia to become the largest city in the United States, but by the end of that year, pursuant to the Residence Act, the national
    capital was moved to Philadelphia.

  • Manhattan’s Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900 New York became the most populous urbanized area in the world in the early 1920s, overtaking London.

  • New York is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world as of 2016.

  • New York City was the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790,[21] and has been the largest U.S. city since 1790.

  • Geography Main articles: Geography of New York City and Geography of New York–New Jersey Harbor Estuary The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island
    at its center During the Wisconsin glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City area was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 2,000 feet (610 m) in depth.

  • New York grew in importance as a trading port while as a part of the colony of New York in the early 1700s.

  • If the New York metropolitan area were a sovereign state, it would have the eighth-largest economy in the world.

  • New York, often called New York City (NYC) to distinguish it from the State of New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

  • [19][20] The city was regained by the Dutch in July 1673 and was renamed New Orange for one year and three months; the city has been continuously named New York since November

  • [31] Many of the city’s landmarks, skyscrapers, and parks are known around the world, as is the city’s fast pace, spawning the term New York minute.

  • [50][51] The colony of New Amsterdam was centered on what would ultimately be known as Lower Manhattan.

  • Situated on one of the world’s largest natural harbors, with water covering 36.4% of its surface area, New York City is composed of five boroughs, each of which is coextensive
    with a respective county of the state of New York.

  • [87] Over the course of the nineteenth century, New York City’s population grew from 60,000 to 3.43 million.

  • Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban area.

  • [153] Manhattan is the cultural, administrative, and financial center of New York City and contains the headquarters of many major multinational corporations, the United Nations
    Headquarters, Wall Street, and a number of important universities.

  • [18] New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded on the southern tip of Manhattan Island by Dutch colonists in approximately 1624.

  • Their homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island, Manhattan, the Bronx, the western portion of Long Island (including the areas that would later become the boroughs
    of Brooklyn and Queens), and the Lower Hudson Valley.

  • [45] Hudson sailed roughly 150 miles (240 km) north,[46] past the site of the present-day New York State capital city of Albany, in the belief that it might be an oceanic
    tributary before the river became too shallow to continue.

  • [140] The city’s land has been altered substantially by human intervention, with considerable land reclamation along the waterfronts since Dutch colonial times; reclamation
    is most prominent in Lower Manhattan, with developments such as Battery Park City in the 1970s and 1980s.

  • [138] New York City is situated in the northeastern United States, in southeastern New York State, approximately halfway between Washington, D.C. and Boston.

  • [103] Throughout the first half of the 20th century, the city became a world center for industry, commerce, and communication.

  • New York emerged from the war unscathed as the leading city of the world, with Wall Street leading America’s place as the world’s dominant economic power.

  • [92][93] In the 19th century, the city was transformed by both commercial and residential development relating to its status as a national and international trading center,
    as well as by European immigration, respectively.

  • [10] Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy,[11][12] an established safe haven for global investors,[13]
    and is sometimes described as the capital of the world.

  • [79] American Revolution The Stamp Act Congress met in New York in October 1765, as the Sons of Liberty, organized in the city, skirmished over the next ten years with British
    troops stationed there.

  • [83] In 1785, the assembly of the Congress of the Confederation made New York City the national capital shortly after the war.

  • New York city’s population jumped from 123,706 in 1820 to 312,710 by 1840, 16,000 of whom were Black.

  • Public-minded members of the contemporaneous business elite lobbied for the establishment of Central Park, which in 1857 became the first landscaped park in an American city.

  • [91] The draft riots deteriorated into attacks on New York’s elite, followed by attacks on Black New Yorkers and their property after fierce competition for a decade between
    Irish immigrants and Black people for work.

  • [102] The opening of the subway in 1904, first built as separate private systems, helped bind the new city together.

  • New York City as the U.S. capital hosted several events of national scope in 1789—the first President of the United States, George Washington, was inaugurated; the first United
    States Congress and the Supreme Court of the United States each assembled for the first time; and the United States Bill of Rights was drafted, all at Federal Hall on Wall Street.

  • [127] The area was rebuilt with a new One World Trade Center, a 9/11 memorial and museum, and other new buildings and infrastructure.

  • With a 2020 population of 8,804,190 distributed over 300.46 square miles (778.2 km2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States.

  • The metropolitan area surpassed the 10 million mark in the early 1930s, becoming the first megacity in human history.

  • [39] Early history In the pre-Columbian era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape.

  • [80] The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolutionary War, was fought in August 1776 within the modern-day borough of Brooklyn.

  • [26] In 2019, New York was voted the greatest city in the world per a survey of over 30,000 people from 48 cities worldwide, citing its cultural diversity.

  • [97] There was also extensive immigration from the German provinces, where revolutions had disrupted societies, and Germans comprised another 25% of New York’s population
    by 1860.

  • [62] The Dutch West India Company would eventually attempt to ease tensions between Stuyvesant and residents of New Amsterdam.

  • New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world.

  • [128] The World Trade Center PATH station, which had opened on July 19, 1909, as the Hudson Terminal, was also destroyed in the attacks.

  • [45] He made a ten-day exploration of the area and claimed the region for the Dutch East India Company.

  • In 1898, the modern City of New York was formed with the consolidation of Brooklyn (until then a separate city), the County of New York (which then included parts of the Bronx),
    the County of Richmond, and the western portion of the County of Queens.

  • Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the world’s leading financial center and the most powerful city in
    the world,[35] and is home to the world’s two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq.

  • The United Nations Headquarters was completed in 1952, solidifying New York’s global geopolitical influence, and the rise of abstract expressionism in the city precipitated
    New York’s displacement of Paris as the center of the art world.

  • The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.

  • Discovery of the African Burying Ground in the 1990s, during construction of a new federal courthouse near Foley Square, revealed that tens of thousands of Africans had been
    buried in the area in the colonial period.

  • The only attempt at a peaceful solution to the war took place at the Conference House on Staten Island between American delegates, including Benjamin Franklin, and British
    general Lord Howe on September 11, 1776.

  • New York was the last capital of the U.S. under the Articles of Confederation and the first capital under the Constitution of the United States.

  • Most of New York City is built on the three islands of Long Island, Manhattan, and Staten Island.

  • It extended from the southern tip of Manhattan to modern day Wall Street, where a 12-foot wooden stockade was built in 1653 to protect against Native American and British

  • [94] The city adopted the Commissioners’ Plan of 1811, which expanded the city street grid to encompass almost all of Manhattan.

  • [63] English rule Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731.

  • [81] After the battle, in which the Americans were defeated, the British made the city their military and political base of operations in North America.

  • The Great Irish Famine brought a large influx of Irish immigrants; more than 200,000 were living in New York by 1860, upwards of a quarter of the city’s population.

  • [43] In 1609, the English explorer Henry Hudson rediscovered New York Harbor while searching for the Northwest Passage to the Orient for the Dutch East India Company.

  • New York City suffered the bulk of the economic damage and largest loss of human life in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, attacks.

  • [146] Boroughs Main articles: Boroughs of New York City and Neighborhoods in New York City New York City is sometimes referred to collectively as the Five Boroughs.

  • [27] Many districts and monuments in New York City are major landmarks, including three of the world’s ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013.

  • The city has over 120 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, New York University, and the City University of New York system, which is the largest urban
    public university system in the United States.

  • [106] New York’s non-White population was 36,620 in 1890.

  • [75] It also became a center of slavery, with 42% of households holding slaves by 1730, the highest percentage outside Charleston, South Carolina.

  • [135] In March 2020, the first case of COVID-19 in the city was confirmed in Manhattan.

  • It is home to Central Park and most of the city’s skyscrapers, and is sometimes locally known as The City.

  • [96] The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814.

  • Several small islands also compose part of the borough of Manhattan, including Randall’s Island, Wards Island, and Roosevelt Island in the East River, and Governors Island
    and Liberty Island to the south in New York Harbor.

  • [28] A record 66.6 million tourists visited New York City in 2019.


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