• Principles According to Project for Public Spaces,[3] successful placemaking is based on eleven basic principles: The Community Knows Best An important aspect of placemaking
    is taking into account inputs of the people who will be using the public space most.

  • Public life in good quality public spaces is an important part of a democratic life and a full life.

  • Make and Act on Observations By observing how a public space is used, it is possible to gain an understanding of what the community does and does not like about it.

  • [7] The arts While the arts and creative expression play a substantial part in establishing a sense of place, economic growth and production must also play an equally large
    role in creating a successful place.

  • A 2016 report The Case for Healthy Places, from Project for Public Spaces and the Assembly Project, funded by the Knight Foundation and focusing on research related to Shaping
    Space for Civic Life, looked at the evidence base showing how health and wellbeing were impacted by where a person lives and the opportunities available to them.

  • [11] Drivers of attachment include: Social Offerings Gathering places that foster face-to-face interactions, building trust with others, and an environment where people care
    for one another.

  • This is important because members of the community are likely to have useful insights into how the space does – or should – function, as well as a historical perspective of
    the area, and an understanding of what does and does not matter to other members of the community.

  • Even after a public space has been built, observation is key to properly managing it, and evolving it to better suit the community’s needs over time.

  • Money Should Not Be an Issue If networking and team building have been executed correctly, public sentiment towards the project should be positive enough to overlook its monetary

  • One thing that has had a massive impact on western society is the advent of digital technologies, like social media.

  • What it does mean is that there are few people, in either the private or public sectors, who have the job of creating places.

  • The term encourages disciplines involved in designing the built environment to work together in pursuit of qualities that they each alone are unable to achieve.

  • Effective placemaking in the streetscape lends special attention to the streets livability by representing a sense of security, sense of place, visible employment, variety
    of transportation options, meaningful interactions between residents, “eyes on the street” as well as “social capital”.

  • Placemaking is a Group Effort Partners for political, financial, and intellectual backing are crucial to getting a public space improvement project off the ground.

  • The Knight Foundation conducted a study measuring community attachment, and found that there was very little variation in the primary drivers of attachment rates when compared
    between different cities across the United States.

  • Urban decision makers are increasingly attempting to plan cities based on feedback from community engagement so as to ensure the development of a durable, livable place.

  • [10] Community attachment Great places must do more than meet the basic requirements if they want to foster greater community attachment.

  • The World Health Organization’s definition of health[5] provides an appropriate, broad-reaching understanding of health as a “resource for everyday life, not the object of
    living” and an important frame for discussing the interconnections between Place and Health.

  • Livable streetscapes Streets are the stage for activity of everyday life within a city and they have the most potential to be designed to harness a high-quality sense of place.

  • [6] There is an increasing focus on using placemaking as a way to “connect blueways and greenways” – to address the physical disconnect between the urban streams and greenways
    through placemaking.

  • Good placemaking makes use of underutilized space to enhance the urban experience at the pedestrian scale to build habits of locals.

  • [1] The term came into use in the 1970s by landscape architects, architects and urban planners to describe the process of creating squares, plazas, parks, streets and waterfronts
    to attract people because they are pleasurable or interesting.

  • This type of shift towards a more crowd-sourced planning method can lead to the creation of more relevant and useful and inclusive places with greater sense of place.

  • It involves taking into account the interrelations between surrounding retailers, vendors, amenities provided, and activities taking place in the space, then fine-tuning the
    space with landscape changes, additions of seating, etc., to make all of those elements mesh.

  • Jan Gehl has said “First life, then spaces, then buildings – the other way around never works”; and “In a Society becoming steadily more privatized with private homes, cars,
    computers, offices and shopping centers, the public component of our lives is disappearing.

  • Planning By using the arts and creative community meeting strategies, stakeholder enthusiasm can be bolstered, resulting in valuable input for community design.

  • Healthy placemaking Both the opportunities available to individuals and the choices made based on those opportunities impact individual, family, and community health.

  • These online neighborhood and event-centric groups and forums provide a convenient non-physical space for public discourse and discussion through digital networked interactions
    to implement change on a hyper-local level; this theory is sometimes referred to as Urban Acupuncture.

  • Requires Vision As with many other types of project, a placemaking project needs a vision to succeed.


Works Cited

[‘1. “What is Placemaking? | Project for Public Spaces”. 31 December 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
2. ^ /
3. ^ Jump up to:a b “Eleven Principles for Creating Great Community Places – Project for Public
Spaces”. Project for Public Spaces. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
4. ^ Sharma, Archana (2022). “PLUS GreeN: Reconciling Urban Streams and Greenways through Placemaking”. European Journal of Architecture and Urban Planning. 1 (2): 1–11. doi:10.24018/ejarch.2022.1.2.3.
S2CID 247815911.
5. ^ “Health Promotion Glossary” (PDF). Health Promotion Glossary. World Health Organization. 1998. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
6. ^ “The Case for Healthy Places” (PDF). Project for Public Spaces. Retrieved 25 March 2024.
7. ^
Sharma, Archana (29 March 2022). “PLUS GreeN: Reconciling Urban Streams and Greenways through Placemaking”. European Journal of Architecture and Urban Planning. 1 (2): 1–11. doi:10.24018/ejarch.2022.1.2.3. S2CID 247815911.
8. ^ Analysis, US Department
of Commerce, BEA, Bureau of Economic. “Bureau of Economic Analysis”. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
9. ^ Bennett, Jamie (2014). “Creative Placemaking” (PDF). Community Development INVESTMENT REVIEW. 10 (2, 2014): 77–82.
10. ^ Metzger, Jonathan
(2011). “Strange Spaces: A Rationale for Bringing Art and Artists into the Planning Process”. Planning Theory. 10 (3, 2011): 213–238. doi:10.1177/1473095210389653. S2CID 145464701.
11. ^ “Overall Findings – Knight Foundation”. Knight Foundation.
Retrieved 3 May 2018.
12. ^ Jump up to:a b Jacobs, Jane (1961). The death and life of great American cities. New York: Random House. pp. 168. ISBN 978-0394421599.
13. ^ Jump up to:a b c Harvey, Chester; Aultman-Hall, Lisa (20 August 2015). “Measuring
Urban Streetscapes for Livability: A Review of Approaches”. The Professional Geographer. 68 (1): 149–158. doi:10.1080/00330124.2015.1065546. ISSN 0033-0124. S2CID 130513463.
14. ^ Jump up to:a b c Houghton; et al. (2015). “Urban Acupuncture: Hybrid
Social and Technological Practices for Hyperlocal Placemaking” (PDF). Journal of Urban Technology. 22 (3): 3–19. doi:10.1080/10630732.2015.1040290. S2CID 132590437 – via Routledge.
15. ^ Ray., Oldenburg (1999). The great good place : cafés, coffee
shops, bookstores, bars, hair salons, and other hangouts at the heart of a community. New York: Marlowe. ISBN 978-1569246818. OCLC 41256327.
16. ^ McGregor, Susan (10 November 2014). “Can mesh networks and offline wireless move from protest tools
to news?”. Nieman Reports.
Photo credit:’]