A scholarly source states that “hardcore kids do not look like punks”, since hardcore scene members wore basic clothing and short haircuts, in contrast to the “embellished
leather jackets and pants” worn in the punk scene.
 In contrast to Morris’ and Rollins’ views, one scholarly source claims that the standard hardcore punk clothing and styles included torn jeans, leather jackets, spiked
armbands and dog collars and mohawk hairstyles and DIY ornamentation of clothes with studs, painted band names, political statements, and patches.
Plain working class dress and short hair (with the exception of dreadlocks) are usually associated with hardcore punk.
In the United States, dirty, simple clothes – ranging from the T-shirt/jeans/leather jacket Ramones look to the low-class, second-hand “dress” clothes of acts like Television
or Patti Smith – were preferred over the expensive or colorful clothing popular in the disco scene.
Other items in early British punk fashion included: leather jackets; customised blazers; and dress shirts randomly covered in slogans (such as “Only Anarchists are pretty”),
blood, patches and controversial images.
 Jimmy Gestapo from Murphy’s Law describes his own transition from dressing in a punk style (spiked hair and a bondage belt) to adopting a hardcore style (shaved head
and boots) as being based on needing more functional clothing.
 Generally unkempt, often short hairstyles replaced the long-hair hippie look and the usually elaborate 1970s rock and disco styles.
 Glam punk Contemporary to the garage bands of the early 1970s, glam punk fashion, pioneered by bands like the New York Dolls, includes glitter, androgynous
make-up, brightly dyed hair, drainpipe jeans, bright colours like electric blue, elements of leather fetish wear, and unusual costumes like leopard print, spandex, or satin shirts.
Punk fashion varies widely, ranging from Vivienne Westwood designs to styles modeled on bands like The Exploited to the dressed-down look of North American hardcore.
They often wear elements of early punk fashion, such as kutten vests, bondage trousers (often plaid) and torn clothing.
Hell is credited as one of the first to help popularize the stereotypical ‘punk’ look, spiking his hair and wearing t-shirts that were held together with safety pins.
 These T-shirts, like other punk clothing items, were often torn on purpose.
 Another scholarly source describes the look that was common in the San Francisco hardcore scene as consisting of biker-style leather jackets, chains, studded wristbands,
pierced noses and multiple piercings, painted or tattooed statements (e.g.
 On stage, bands like The Adicts, or more recently The Bolokos and Japan’s Hat Trickers, often wear bowler hats, white shirts, white trousers, braces,
and black combat boots in imitation of Alex De Large, the protagonist of the film and novel.
In the 2010s, pop punk fans took on a more hardcore look, with shorter hair (including Liberty spikes and a wide Mohawk combined with a fringe), plain hoodies and straight-leg
The leather jackets and denim jackets associated with punk fashion remain common in hardcore punk, though hardcore punk also prominently features bomber jackets and track
jackets unlike other punk fashions.
Typical crust punk fashion includes black or camouflage trousers or shorts (heavy work pants are popular for their durability), torn band T-shirts or hoodies, skin tight black
jeans, vests and jackets (commonly black denim), bullet belts, jewellery made from hemp or found objects, and sometimes bum flaps.
Leftover baroque pop clothing like ruffled pirate shirts or brocade were also worn, together with more typical glam rock fashions like platform boots, tartan, kipper ties,
and metallic silver clothing like jumpsuits.
The associated dress style draws on military fashion and punk aesthetics with hints of fetish wear, mainly inspired by the scene’s musical protagonists.
 The style of the 1980s hardcore scene contrasted with the more provocative fashion styles of late 1970s punk rockers (elaborate hairdos, torn clothes, patches, safety
pins, studs, spikes, etc.).
Following the 1980s garage rock revival, garage punk bands tended to dress more casually, with less overtly 1960s clothing.
Other common items are T-shirts (featuring band names, political beliefs or other text and images relevant to skinhead culture) and denim jackets or flight jackets.
 Their hair was generally worn long, as was then fashionable in the 1970s, but some fans opted for buzzcuts or Caesar cuts, previously associated with hard mods and bootboys.
Key examples of punk usage of Nazi symbols can be identified in Westwood’s DESTROY t-shirt which was worn by members of the Sex Pistols, or a dress shirt which featured striping
similar to those on the uniforms worn by prisoners in concentration camps.
Other common adornments include band names painted on jackets or bleached into clothes, as well as buttons or patches indicating cities.
as of 1990s and today many ska fans dressed out normally with regular or simple clothing.
 Fashion designers ended up creating a standardized palette where the punk look was, more or less, essentially uniform.
 History 1970s A punk wearing a customized blazer, as was popular in the early punk scene Punk rock was an intentional rebuttal of the perceived excess and pretension
found in mainstream music (or even mainstream culture as a whole), and early punk artists’ fashion was defiantly anti-materialistic.
Deliberately offensive T-shirts were popular in the early punk scene, such as the DESTROY T-shirt sold at SEX, which featured an inverted crucifix and a Nazi Swastika.
 In general, contemporary street punks wear leather, denim, metal spikes or studs, chains and military-style boots.
Many female punks rebelled against the stereotypical image of a woman by combining clothes that were delicate or pretty with clothes that were considered masculine, such as
combining a Ballet tutu with big, clunky boots.
Some punks, especially in Southern California, mirror Latino gang styles, including khaki Dickies work pants, white T-shirts and colored bandanas.
Ultimately, hardcore punk fashion is usually more understated, working class, and casual compared to some more elaborate punk styles, in part as a response to the physical
demands of hardcore punk shows and in part as a working class or more “authentic” backlash response against the perceived increasingly fashion-oriented or pretentious developments within the established punk scene.
Women’s hair follows no single style, but men can have anything from a crew cut to long hair, or the exaggerated quiff pompadour hairstyle.
Many punks use clothing as a way of making a statement.
What is fashionable in one branch of the hardcore scene may be frowned upon in another; however, generally, personal comfort and the ability to mosh during the heavily physical,
frenetic, and energetic live hardcore punk shows are highly influential in this style.
Hair is cropped very short in imitation of hardcore punk bands and early 1960s rude boys.
Provocative imagery referencing sexual practices and deviant forms of sexuality were utilized, such as in Vivienne Westwood’s Two Cowboys shirt, which featured an illustration
by Jim French of two cowboys naked from the waist down, one of them fixing the other’s handkerchief.
short mohawk hairstyles, metal studs on jackets) are also sometimes worn.
Jackets and vests often have patches or are painted with logos that express musical tastes or political views.
Bullet belts, and studded belts (sometimes more than one worn at a time) also became common.
Charged hair, in which all of one’s hair stands on end but is not styled into distinct spikes, also emerged.
Some who define themselves as anarcho-punks opt to wear clothing similar to traditional punk fashions or that of crust punks, but not often to the extreme of either subculture.
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Bristol bands like Disorder, Chaos UK, Lunatic Fringe, Amebix, broke from the usual punk fashion confines, creating a disheveled DIY look
originating in squatting and poverty.
The image’s origin is as part of The Realist magazine’s Disneyland Memorial Orgy poster in May 1967, although the T-shirts made the scene more explicit.
The look is characterised by Dr. Martens boots (or similar boots made by a different brand), braces, and tight rolled-up jeans, sometimes splattered with bleach.
Another offensive T-shirt that is still occasionally seen in punk is called Snow White and the Sir Punks, and features Snow White being held down and raped by five of the
seven dwarfs, whilst the other two engage in anal sex.
Clothing is usually adorned with motifs inspired by classic American horror films or art-styles inspired by Ed “Big Daddy” Roth.
Keen designers, much like Westwood, had been able to draw inspiration from the punk style found on the streets, translating its anarchic frustration and resistance to the
Leather skirts became a popular item for female punks.
“ Henry Rollins echoes Morris’ point, stating that for him getting dressed up meant putting on a black shirt and some dark pants; Rollins viewed an interest in fashion
as being a distraction.
Many outfits were made out pieces of clothing that were readily available, either from secondhand stores or whatever kids had on hand.
Arena rock groups of the early 70’s, with long, drawn out songs rooted in the psychedelic movement, were viewed as out-of-touch by fans who were much less economically successful.
 Hardcore punk There are several styles of dress within the hardcore scene, and styles have changed since the genre started as hardcore punk in the late 1970s.
Punk fashion has likewise influenced the styles of these groups, as well as those of popular culture.
However, the original garage punk look remained a big influence among British indie rock groups during the mid and late-2000s.
 Zandra Rhodes utilized rips, tears and safety pins in her 1977 ‘Conceptual Chic’ collection; similarly, Claude Montana presented 12 models in “black leather jackets,
caps, and pants in 1977.
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Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/8106459@N07/2326334426/’]