• There also seems to be a high search cost involve for urban workers looking for a job in the suburbs.
The phenomenon has many implications for inner-city residents dependent on low-level entry jobs.
Unfortunately, minorities tend to weigh the short-term loss higher than the long-term benefits and as a result, decrease their opportunity at obtaining a job in the suburbs.
• Commuting cost is seen as an obstacle for inner-city people to be present for job interviews and furthermore to arrive to work everyday on time.
In its original formulation (see below) and in subsequent research, it has mostly been understood as a phenomenon affecting African-Americans, as a result of residential segregation,
economic restructuring, and the suburbanization of employment.
In the case of places near metropolitan areas, it represents less of a risk going forward than in mining areas.
Public transportation is problematic in a sense that it is not always prompt and may not stop at all job location sites.
For example, distance from work centers can lead to increasing unemployment rates and further dampen poverty outcomes for the region at large.
People who are living away from the job center are generally less knowledgeable about potential openings than individuals who live closer to the job center.
[‘1. Kain, John F. (1968). “Housing Segregation, Negro Employment, and Metropolitan Decentralization”. Quarterly Journal of Economics. 82 (2): 175–197. doi:10.2307/1885893. JSTOR 1885893.
2. ^ Kain, John F. (2004). “A pioneer’s perspective on the
spatial mismatch literature”. Urban Studies. 41 (1): 7–32. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.199.6655. doi:10.1080/0042098032000155669. S2CID 154650017.
3. ^ Wilson, William Julius (1987). The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-90130-5.
4. ^ Caves, R. W. (2004). Encyclopedia of the City. Routledge. pp. 622. ISBN 9780415252256.
5. ^ Gobillon, Laurent; Selod, Harris; Zenou, Yves (2007). “The Mechanisms of Spatial Mismatch”.
Urban Studies. 44 (12): 2401–2427. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.408.4303. doi:10.1080/00420980701540937. S2CID 3269814.
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