symphony no. 41 (mozart)


  • 39, written only a few weeks before Mozart’s, also has a fugato in the finale, the theme of which begins with two whole notes.

  • “[20] First recording The first known recording of the Jupiter Symphony is from around the beginning of World War I, issued by the Victor Talking Machine Company in its black
    label series, making it one of the first symphonies to be recorded using the acoustic recording technology.

  • The first theme group’s final flourishes then are extensively developed against a chromatically falling bass followed by a restatement of the end of the insertion aria then
    leading to C major for the true recapitulation.

  • 41 is the last of a set of three that Mozart composed in rapid succession during the summer of 1788.

  • The Morning Post of Tuesday, June 3, 1817, carries an advertisement for printed music that includes: “The celebrated movement from Mozart’s sympathy [sic], called ‘Jupiter’,
    arranged as a Duet, by J. Wilkins, 4s.

  • In the trio section of the movement, the four-note figure that will form the main theme of the last movement appears prominently (bars 68–71), but on the seventh degree of
    the scale rather than the first, and in a minor key rather than a major, giving it a very different character.

  • [11] It also appears in the first movement of the violin sonata K481 as the basis for the development section.

  • But the last three symphonies by Mozart are much more important.

  • The four-note motif is also the main theme of the contrapuntal finale of Michael’s elder brother Joseph’s Symphony No.

  • [1] However, the new symphony in C was performed in the Leipzig Gewandhaus in 1789- at least according to its concert program.

  • Victor published two widely separated takes of each of the first two movements under the same catalogue numbers.

  • Molto allegro[edit] Finally, a distinctive characteristic of this symphony is the five-voice fugato (representing the five major themes) at the end of the fourth movement.

  • The main theme consists of four notes: Four additional themes are heard in the “Jupiter’s” finale, which is in sonata form, and all five motifs are combined in the fugal coda.

  • [5] Around the same time as he composed the three symphonies, Mozart was writing his piano trios in E major (K. 542), and C major (K. 548), his piano sonata No.

  • [16] The Times of Thursday, May 8, 1817, carries an advertisement for a concert to be given in the Hanover Square Rooms on “Friday next, May 9” to include “Grand Sinfonie
    (Jupiter), Mozart”.

  • From there, the second theme group begins with a lyrical section in G major which ends suspended on a seventh chord and is followed by a stormy section in C minor.

  • In an article about the Jupiter Symphony, Sir George Grove wrote that “it is for the finale that Mozart has reserved all the resources of his science, and all the power, which
    no one seems to have possessed to the same degree with himself, of concealing that science, and making it the vehicle for music as pleasing as it is learned.

  • Later, he used it in the Credo of an early Missa Brevis in F major, the first movement of his Symphony No.

  • 23 in D major because he “often requested his father Leopold to send him the latest fugue that Haydn had written.

  • [1] The longest and last symphony that he composed, it is regarded by many critics as among the greatest symphonies in classical music.

  • The distribution, recording dates, and approximate timings were as follows (data from corresponding matrix pages in Discography of American Historical Recordings as indicated
    and physical copies of the records): 1st movement (17707-A, 10″) 8/5/1913 (if take 1) or 1/27/1915 (if take 6) 2:45 2d movement (35430-A, 12″) 8/5/1913 (if take 1) or 1/18/1915 (if take 7) 3:32 3d movement (17707-B, 10″) 12/22/1914 2:40 4th
    movement (35430-B, 12″) 12/22/1914 3:41

  • [18] • E. L. Gerber in (1812–1814): “…overpoweringly great, fiery, artistic, pathetic, sublime, Symphony in C … we would already have to perceive him as one of the first[-ranked]
    geniuses of modern times and the century just past”[18] • A review in the Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung (1846): “How pure and clear are all the images within!

  • Of the piece as a whole, he wrote that “It is the greatest orchestral work of the world which preceded the French Revolution.

  • 41, as the final work, has no introduction (unlike No.


Works Cited

[‘1. Deutsch 1965, 320
2. ^ Brown, Mark (August 4, 2016). “Beethoven’s Eroica voted greatest symphony of all time”. The Guardian. Retrieved September 29, 2017. Mozart’s last symphony, No. 41, the ‘Jupiter’, was in third place
3. ^ “These are
factually the 10 best symphonies of all time”. Classic FM (UK). August 30, 2017. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
4. ^ Jump up to:a b Heartz 2009, pp. 210, 458, 474
5. ^ Clements, Andrew (23 July 2014). “Mozart: The Last Symphonies review – a thrilling
journey through a tantalising new theory”. The Guardian.
6. ^ Jump up to:a b c d Brown, A. Peter, The Symphonic Repertoire (Volume 2). Indiana University Press (ISBN 0-253-33487-X), pp. 423–32 (2002).
7. ^ Sisman 1993, pp. 55–63, chapter Structure
and expression: Andante cantabile.
8. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 608. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
9. ^ Grove 1906.
10. ^ William Klenz: “Per Aspera ad Astra, or The Stairway
to Jupiter”; The Music Review, Vol. 30, Nr. 3, August 1969, pp. 169–210.
11. ^ Heartz 2009, pp. 212–215.
12. ^ C. Sherman, Foreword to score of Sinfonia in C, Perger 31 Vienna: Doblinger K. G. (1967)
13. ^ Latham, Alison (2002). “‘Jupiter’
Symphony”. The Oxford companion to music. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-957903-7. OCLC 59376677.
14. ^ Burk, J. N. (1959). “Symphony No. 41, in C Major (‘Jupiter’), K. 551”. In: Mozart and His Music, p. 299.
15. ^ F.
G. E. [Frederick George Edwards] (1 October 1902). “J. B. Cramer (1771–1858)”. The Musical Times and Singing Class Circular. 43 (716): 641–646. doi:10.2307/3369624. JSTOR 3369624. (spec. p. 644 (para. 2)
16. ^ Jump up to:a b Lindauer, David. (2006,
January 25). “Annapolis Symphony Orchestra (ASO) Concert Part of Mozart Birthday Tribute”, The Capital (Annapolis, Maryland), p. B8.
17. ^ “Symphony No. 41 in C Major, “Jupiter””. The Kennedy Center. Archived from the original on 2017-03-02. Retrieved
8 May 2018.
18. ^ Jump up to:a b Sisman 1993, p. 28.
19. ^ Russell 2017.
20. ^ Sisman 1993, p. 30.
21. ^ “Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart – Discography of American Historical Recordings”.
22. ^ “Mozart – Jupiter Symphony”. Discography of American
Historical Recordings.
23. ^ “Victor matrix B-13669. Jupiter symphony / Victor Concert Orchestra”. Discography of American Historical Recordings.
24. ^ “Victor matrix C-13671. Jupiter symphony / Victor Concert Orchestra”. Discography of American
Historical Recordings.
25. ^ “Victor matrix B-13670. Jupiter symphony / Victor Concert Orchestra”. Discography of American Historical Recordings.
26. ^ “Victor matrix C-13677. Jupiter symphony / Victor Concert Orchestra”. Discography of American
Historical Recordings.
2. Deutsch, Otto Erich (1965). Mozart: A Documentary Biography. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
3. Grove, George (January 1906). “Mozart’s Symphony in C (The Jupiter)”. The Musical Times. 47 (755): 27–31. doi:10.2307/904183.
JSTOR 904183.
4. Heartz, Daniel (2009). Mozart, Haydn and Early Beethoven 1781–1802. Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-06634-0.
5. Russell, Peter (2017-09-04). Delphi Masterworks of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Illustrated). Delphi Classics. ISBN 978-1-78656-120-6.
6. Sisman,
Elaine R. (1993). Mozart: The ‘Jupiter’ Symphony. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-40924-1.
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