torres del paine national park


  • [29] The last of these lakes, the Great Tehuelche Paleolake, covered what is now Sarmiento and Del Toro lakes plus a large area to east making Cazador Range a peninsula.

  • [13] This burned about 176 km2 (68 sq mi) of the reserve,[14] destroying about 36 km² of native forest[15] and affecting most of the areas around Lake Pehoé and the western
    areas around Lake Sarmiento, but moving away from the Cordillera del Paine, the park’s centerpiece.

  • The park is one of the 11 protected areas of the Magallanes Region and Chilean Antarctica (together with four national parks, three national reserves, and three national monuments).

  • It is divided into two arms, because of the appearance of a peninsula of ice, commonly called the Island or Nunatak, that becomes apparent a little more with each year that

  • The Southern Patagonian Ice Field takes up the entire western side of the park.

  • Some of Torres del Paine National Park attractions are Paine horns which are a group of mountains 2000 meters high in the middle of the W trek.

  • The blaze affected the areas east and south around Lake Pehoé.

  • • Fauna in Torres del Paine National Park • Guanaco • Rheas • South Andean deer • South American gray fox • Crested Caracara Tourism The national park has over 252,000 visitors
    per year.

  • [39][40] For less adventurous visitors, there are several hotels located in and around the park.

  • [20] Hydrology The park possesses a large drainage network, which consists of numerous rivers, streams, lakes, ponds, and cascades that come from the Southern Patagonia Ice
    Field and flow towards the southeast until the Última Esperanza Sound that bathes the coasts of the city of Puerto Natales.

  • This study examined four biotic zones that made up the territory of the park, determined by their vegetational type.

  • [5] She and her party are sometimes credited as being the first “foreign tourists” to visit the area that is now called Torres del Paine National Park.

  • [11] In February 2005, an accidental fire started by a Czech backpacker, which lasted for about ten days, destroyed 155 km2 (60 sq mi) of the park,[11] including about 2 km²
    of native forest.

  • [26][27] During the last glacial period glacier extent in the area peaked about 48,000 years ago, much earlier than for the more northern locations of Chiloé and Llanquihue.

  • Hikers can opt for a day trip to see the towers, French Valley or Glacier Grey or a multi-day trek.

  • Only a portion of the latter is within the borders of the park.

  • The highest mountain of the group is Paine Grande, whose height was measured in 2011 using GPS and found to be 2,884 m (9,462 ft).

  • Multi-day treks include the popular “W” route, which takes about three to five days, and the full circuit or “O” route, which typically takes 7 to 9 days.

  • [citation needed] Nevertheless, recent paleoenvironmental studies performed within the Park indicate that fires have been frequent phenomena at least during the last 12,800

  • It is also part of the End of the World Route, a tourist scenic route.

  • The park was established on 13 May 1959[7] as Parque Nacional de Turismo Lago Grey (Grey Lake National Tourism Park) and was given its present name in 1970.

  • Also, the Francés Valley hike, which takes 10 hours approximately, has medium difficulty.

  • The park averages around 252,000 visitors a year, of which 54% are foreign tourists,[2] who come from many countries all over the world.

  • The Southern Patagonian Ice Field mantles a great portion of the park.

  • The park borders Bernardo O’Higgins National Park to the west and the Los Glaciares National Park to the north in Argentine territory.

  • During summer, daylight hours are long given the southern latitude.

  • The Southern Patagonian Ice Field feeds four main glaciers; they are from north to south the glaciers: Dickson, Grey, Zapata, and Tyndall.

  • Since October 2016, it is mandatory to book campsites or refugios before entering the park.

  • The park is famous for its strong winds.

  • The park can also be reached through maritime and aerial routes.

  • [30] Ancient lake terraces marks the level attained by these lakes albeit great uncertainty exists regarding their evolution.

  • [12] In late December 2011 through January 2012, an Israeli backpacker was found guilty of having started a fire after being caught by a park ranger when lighting up some
    paper roll in a forbidden area.

  • [21][22][23] Geography The landscape of the park is dominated by the Paine massif, which is an eastern spur of the Andes located on the east side of the Grey Glacier, rising
    dramatically above the Patagonian steppe.

  • [1] It is one of the largest and most visited parks in Chile.


Works Cited

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Photo credit:’]