Organisation and administration See also: List of Institutions of the University of Cambridge View over Trinity College, Gonville and Caius, Trinity Hall and Clare
College towards King’s College Chapel, seen from St John’s College chapel whereas on the left, just in front of King’s College chapel, is the university Senate House Cambridge is a collegiate university, meaning that it is made up of self-governing
and independent colleges, each with its own property and income.
 Colleges Main article: Colleges of the University of Cambridge The President’s Lodge at Queens’ College Margaret Wileman Building, Hughes Hall The Bridge of Sighs
at St John’s College The colleges are self-governing institutions with their own endowments and property, founded as integral parts of the university.
However, Homerton College only achieved full university college status in March 2010, making it the newest full college (it was previously an “Approved Society” affiliated
with the university).
As a result of St Hilda’s College, Oxford, ending its ban on male students in 2008, Cambridge is now the only remaining United Kingdom university with female-only colleges
(Newnham and Murray Edwards).
 There are also several theological colleges in Cambridge, separate from Cambridge University, including Westcott House, Westminster College and Ridley Hall Theological
College, that are, to a lesser degree, affiliated to the university and are members of the Cambridge Theological Federation.
The main ones are: • Addenbrooke’s • Downing Site • Madingley/Girton • New Museums Site • Old Addenbroke’s • Old Schools • Silver Street/Mill Lane • Sidgwick Site • West
Cambridge • North West Cambridge Development The university’s School of Clinical Medicine is based in Addenbrooke’s Hospital where students in medicine undergo their three-year clinical placement period after obtaining their BA degree,
while the West Cambridge site is undergoing a major expansion and will host a new sports development.
Darwin College, the first wholly graduate college of the university, matriculated both men and women students from its inception in 1964 – and elected a mixed fellowship.
Women’s education Newnham College is one of two extant women’s colleges For its first several centuries only male students were enrolled into the university.
The university also has a department dedicated to providing continuing education, the Institute of Continuing Education, which is primarily based in Madingley Hall, a 16th-century
manor house in Cambridgeshire.
Subsequently, enough scholars remained in Cambridge to form the nucleus of a new university when it had become safe enough for academia to resume at Oxford.
The university is home to, but independent of, the Cambridge Union – the world’s oldest debating society.
Many colleges were founded during the 14th and 15th centuries, but colleges continued to be established until modern times, although there was a gap of 204 years between the
founding of Sidney Sussex in 1596 and that of Downing in 1800.
 It is the central member of Cambridge University Health Partners, an academic health science centre based around the Cambridge Biomedical Campus.
 Modern period Selwyn College was founded in 1882 After the Cambridge University Act 1856 formalised the organisational structure of the university, the study of
many new subjects was introduced, such as theology, history and modern languages.
 Foundation of the colleges The colleges at the University of Cambridge were originally an incidental feature of the system.
Of the undergraduate colleges, starting with Churchill, Clare and King’s Colleges, the former men’s colleges began to admit women between 1972 and 1988.
 The Old Schools (left) are the administrative centre of the university A “School” in the University of Cambridge is a broad administrative grouping of related faculties
and other units.
Legally, the university is an exempt charity and a common law corporation with the corporate title “The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge”.
All faculties, departments, research centres, and laboratories belong to the university, which arranges lectures and awards degrees, but undergraduates receive their supervisions—small-group
teaching sessions, often with just one student—within the colleges (though in many cases students go to other colleges for supervision if the teaching fellows at their college do not specialise in the areas concerned).
As a consequence the university first received systematic state support in 1919, and a Royal Commission appointed in 1920 recommended that the university (but not the colleges)
should receive an annual grant.
 Members of these are usually also members of one of the colleges and responsibility for running the entire academic programme of the university is divided among them.
Since students must belong to a college, and since established colleges remained closed to women, women found admissions restricted to colleges established only for women.
Most colleges bring together academics and students from a broad range of disciplines, and within each faculty, school or department within the university, academics from
many different colleges are present.
 Senate and the Regent House Light show on the Senate House, for the 800th anniversary of the foundation of the university Old Court, Clare College The Senate consists
of all holders of the MA degree or higher degrees.
Central administration Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor Officers of the Regent House, including Vice-Chancellor Borysiewicz, after a graduation ceremony See also: List
of Vice-Chancellors of the University of Cambridge and List of Chancellors of the University of Cambridge The office of Chancellor of the university, for which there are no term limits, is mainly ceremonial and is held by David Sainsbury,
Baron Sainsbury of Turville, following the retirement of the Duke of Edinburgh on his 90th birthday in June 2011.
 Affiliations and memberships Cambridge is a member of the Russell Group of research-led British universities, the G5, the League of European Research Universities,
and the International Alliance of Research Universities, and forms part of the “golden triangle” of research intensive and southern English universities.
 Myths, legends and traditions The Mathematical Bridge over the River Cam (at Queens’ College) Main article: University of Cambridge legends See also: Category:Terminology
of the University of Cambridge As an institution with such a long history, the university has developed a large number of myths and legends.
 Examples of notable buildings include King’s College Chapel, the history faculty building designed by James Stirling; and the Cripps Building at St John’s College.
 Women were allowed to study courses, sit examinations, and have their results recorded from 1881; for a brief period after the turn of the twentieth century, this allowed
the “steamboat ladies” to receive ad eundem degrees from the University of Dublin.
 The university gave offers of admission (typically conditional on exam results) to 33.5% of its applicants in 2016, the second lowest amongst the Russell Group, behind
 In addition, the Judge Business School, situated on Trumpington Street, provides management education courses since 1990 and is consistently ranked within the top 20
business schools globally by the Financial Times.
 The Regent House is the university’s governing body, a direct democracy comprising all resident senior members of the university and the colleges, together with the Chancellor,
the High Steward, the Deputy High Steward, and the Commissary.
The first women students were examined in 1882 but attempts to make women full members of the university did not succeed until 1948.
 During the same period, the New Museums Site was erected, including the Cavendish Laboratory, which has since moved to the West Cambridge Site, and other departments
for chemistry and medicine.
Albert used his position as Chancellor to campaign successfully for reformed and more modern university curricula, expanding the subjects taught beyond the traditional mathematics
and classics to include modern history and the natural sciences.
 Senate House Passage in the snow with Senate House on the right and Gonville and Caius College on the left The General Board of the Faculties is responsible for the academic
and educational policy of the university, and is accountable to the council for its management of these affairs.
 It is also closely linked with the development of the high-tech business cluster known as “Silicon Fen”, and as part of the Cambridge University Health Partners, an
academic health science centre.
Fearing more violence from the townsfolk, scholars from the University of Oxford started to move away to cities such as Paris, Reading, and Cambridge.
The University of Cambridge is a collegiate research university in Cambridge, United Kingdom.
 The university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford after a dispute with the townspeople.
Darwin was the first college to admit both men and women, while Churchill, Clare, and King’s were the first previously all-male colleges to admit female undergraduates, in
 Cambridge University Press & Assessment combines the oldest university press in the world with one of the world’s leading examining bodies, providing assessment to over
eight million learners globally every year and reaching some fifty million learners, teachers and researchers monthly.
 Resources necessary for new courses in the arts, architecture and archaeology were donated by Viscount Fitzwilliam, of Trinity College, who also founded the Fitzwilliam
 The University of Cambridge began to award PhD degrees in the first third of the 20th century.
Each college appoints its own teaching staff and fellows, who are also members of a university department.
 The university’s notable alumni and faculty also include 11 Fields Medalists, 7 Turing Award winners, 47 heads of state and 14 British prime ministers.
However, it was an incident at Oxford which is most likely to have led to the establishment of the university: three Oxford scholars were hanged by the town authorities for
the death of a woman, without consulting the ecclesiastical authorities, who would normally take precedence (and pardon the scholars) in such a case, but were at that time in conflict with King John.
Founded in 1209 and granted a royal charter by Henry III in 1231, Cambridge is the world’s third-oldest surviving university.
 After Cambridge was described as a studium generale in a letter from Pope Nicholas IV in 1290, and confirmed as such in a bull by Pope John XXII in 1318, it became
common for researchers from other European medieval universities to visit Cambridge to study or to give lecture courses.
Together with the central administration headed by the Vice-Chancellor, they make up the entire Cambridge University.
Facilities such as libraries are provided on all these levels: by the university (the Cambridge University Library), by the Faculties (Faculty libraries such as the Squire
Law Library), and by the individual colleges (all of which maintain a multi-discipline library, generally aimed mainly at their undergraduates).
 Following the Second World War, the university saw a rapid expansion of student numbers and available places; this was partly due to the success and popularity gained
by many Cambridge scientists.
Magdalene became the last all-male college to accept women, in 1988.
Cambridge has 31 colleges, of which two, Murray Edwards and Newnham, admit women only.
The most recently established college is Robinson, built in the late 1970s.
Cambridge’s libraries, of which there are over 100, hold a total of around 16 million books, around nine million of which are in Cambridge University Library, a legal deposit
Colleges are not required to admit students in all subjects, with some colleges choosing not to offer subjects such as architecture, history of art or theology, but most offer
close to the complete range.
All students are members of a college.
Undergraduate teaching at Cambridge centres on weekly small-group supervisions in the colleges in groups of typically 1–4 students.
Cambridge alumni have won six Fields Medals and one Abel Prize for mathematics, while individuals representing Cambridge have won four Fields Medals.
From the time of Isaac Newton in the later 17th century until the mid-19th century, the university maintained an especially strong emphasis on applied mathematics, particularly
 Similarly, college expenditure on student education also varies widely between individual colleges.
Council and the General Board Although the University Council is the principal executive and policy-making body of the university, it must report and be accountable
to the Regent House through a variety of checks and balances.
In response, colleges changed their curricula away from canon law, and towards the classics, the Bible, and mathematics.
 The enormous growth in the number of high-tech, biotech, providers of services and related firms situated near Cambridge has been termed the Cambridge Phenomenon: the
addition of 1,500 new, registered companies and as many as 40,000 jobs between 1960 and 2010 has been directly related to the presence of the university as a source of employment for Cambridge residents.
Some colleges maintain a bias towards certain subjects, for example with Churchill leaning towards the sciences and engineering, while others such as St Catharine’s aim
for a balanced intake.
No college is as old as the university itself.
[‘Colleges of the University of Cambridge
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