Tall circular Buddhist temple, early 1st Century CE, Mathura Museum Some of the earliest free-standing temples may have been of a circular type.
Several contemporary viharas in Indonesia for example, contain the actual-size replica or reconstruction of famous Buddhist temples, such as the replica of Pawon and Plaosan’s
perwara (small) temples.
A number of Buddhist historical heritages can be found in Indonesia, including the 8th century Borobudur mandala monument and Sewu temple in Central Java, Batujaya in West
Java, Muaro Jambi, Muara Takus and Bahal temple in Sumatra, and numerous of statues or inscriptions from the earlier history of Indonesian Hindu-Buddhist kingdoms.
In contemporary Indonesian Buddhist perspective, Candi refers to a shrine, either ancient or new.
Buddhism co-existed with shintoism, but in the 8th century Buddhism became the state religion and Buddhist temples were built.
Japan Japanese Buddhist temples typically include a Main Hall.
For Buddhist temple complexes one tall temple is often centrally located and surrounded by smaller temples and walls.
 India The design of temples in India was influenced by the idea of a place of worship as a representation of the universe.
 The classical era of ancient Java also had produces some of the exquisite examples of Buddhist arts, such as the statue of Prajnaparamita and the statue of Buddha Vairochana
and Boddhisttva Padmapani and Vajrapani in Mendut temple.
Traditional Buddhist temples are designed to inspire inner and outer peace.
 The history of Buddhism in Indonesia is closely related to the history of Hinduism, as a number of empires influenced by Indian culture were established around the same
Usually, the temple consists not only of its buildings, but also the surrounding environment.
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2. ^ O’Riley, Michael Kampel
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(1995). Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation: the Karṇāṭa Drāviḍa Tradition, 7th to 13th Centuries. Abhinav Publications. p. 39. ISBN 9788170173120.
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Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/rocketjim54/4933229095/’]