As editor, Woods sought to distinguish The Straits Times from The Singapore Free Press by including humour, short stories, and foreign news, and by making use of regular steamship
services carrying mail that launched shortly before The Straits Times was launched.
 Historian Mary Turnbull disputes this account of The Straits Times’ founding, saying that it was unlikely an Armenian merchant would have wanted to found an English-language
newspaper, particularly given the presence of the more established Singapore Free Press.
In the 1920s and 1930s, The Straits Times began to face competition from other papers, specifically the Malaya Tribune, which promised “frank discussion of Malayan affairs”
and “weekly articles by special and well-informed writers, Chinese, Indians, and Muslims”.
The news website of The Straits Times launched on 1 January 1994, making it one of the first newspapers in the world to do so.
Post-war period An example of The Straits Times on 1 May 1952 publishing cash bounties offered by the British for information on communist activities and individuals
during the Malayan Emergency.
On 11 March 1950, The Straits Times became a public limited company.
 The Straits Times became a major reporter of political and economic events of note in British Malaya, including shipping news, civil and political unrest in Siam
and Burma, official reports, and including high society news items such as tea parties held at Government House and visits from dignitaries such as the Sultan of Johor.
 He also made significant changes to the paper: he expanded coverage of events in Singapore and Malaysia; created a Sunday paper; cut the price of the paper to match that
of the Malaya Tribune; and incorporated pictures, comics, and other eye-catching elements to make the paper more attracted.
The rival newspapers spurred readership among the growing English-reading community, with The Singapore Free Press published in the morning and The Straits Times released
in the afternoon.
Many current ST management and senior editors have close links to the government as well.
During this period, the paper was thoroughly pro-Japanese and would often report on Japan’s war efforts in the Pacific.
 Lee Boon Yang Executive chairman of SPH 2011–present Cabinet Minister In his memoir OB Markers: My Straits Times Story, former editor-in-chief Cheong Yip Seng recounts
how, since 1986, there has been a government-appointed “monitor” at the newspaper, “someone who could watch to see if indeed the newsroom was beyond control”, and that disapproval of the “monitor” could cost a reporter or editor their job.
 The Straits Times was launched as an eight-page weekly, published at 7 Commercial Square using a hand-operated press.
The children’s newspaper, outlined in the third goal, was published as Sakura and included as a free supplement in the 10 June 1942 edition of the Syonan Shimbun, though it
was later sold separately for one sen.
The Straits Times Schools The Straits Times Schools is a news desk created to encourage youth readership and interest in news and current affairs.
Following the return of Singapore to the British after World War II, the name of the paper reverted to The Straits Times on 5 September 1945.
The Home section consist of local news and topics on Education for Monday, Mind and Body for Tuesday, Digital for Wednesday, Community for Thursday and Science for Friday.
 Launched in 2004, the programme was initially known as The Straits Times Media Club.
 Subsequently, the Singaporean government restructured the entire newspaper industry, in which all papers published in English, Chinese, and Malay were brought under Singapore
Press Holdings (SPH), established on 30 November 1984.
 Chua Chin Hon, then ST’s bureau chief for the United States, was quoted as saying that SPH’s “editors have all been groomed as pro-government supporters and are careful
to ensure that reporting of local events adheres closely to the official line” in a 2009 US diplomatic cable leaked by WikiLeaks.
To promote the study of Japanese during and after Nippon-Go Popularising Week, introduce the Japanese state of affairs in a series of articles, and strengthen the command
of conventional Japanese language in the local papers.
In addition to the Sakura children’s newspaper, the Syonan Shimbun was used by the Japanese government as a way of attempting to create pro-Japanese youth leaders among the
multiethnic, multilingual children of Singapore.
Woods covered the financial deficit by using the printing press for other projects, including the first directory of Singapore, The Straits Times Almanack, Calendar and Directory,
published in 1846.
 Students will receive their papers every Monday together with the main broadsheet.
John Cameron served as editor from 1861 to 1869, during which the paper nearly went out of business due to hugely destructive fire.
Cooper arrived in Singapore in September 1941 and reported that the various civil, governmental, and military elements did not communicate or coordinate well.
Following the establishment of the conglomerate, The Straits Times, and the other subsidiaries, were allowed to maintain its own board of directors and editorial staff.
Preservation In July 2007, the National Library Board signed an agreement with the Singapore Press Holdings to digitise the archives of The Straits Times going back to its
founding in 1845.
It was known as the “Thunderer of the East”, a reference to the original Thunderer, The Times of London, and was a critic of the British colonial administration, though much
milder in its criticism of the government compared to its critique of unethical businesses.
 Still retired from The Straits Times in 1926 and the paper cycled through four editors in the span of two years before George Seabridge became editor in 1928.
Still also considered the Asian population of Singapore “untrustworthy” and suggested they should not hold positions of power or serve in the military.
 Straits Times Online Launched on 1 January 1994, The Straits Times’ website was free of charge and granted access to all the sections and articles found in the
The newspaper was run by members of the Japanese military propaganda division and included prominent writers such as Masuji Ibuse.
 Government interference Prior to 1965, during the early days of Singaporean self-governance, the paper had an uneasy relationship with some politicians, including the
leaders of the People’s Action Party (PAP).
The rival Singapore Free Press came to Brooke’s defence and the ensuing controversy boosted the circulation of both papers.
 During the Malayan Emergency, The Straits Times published cash bounties for information leading to the killing or capture of senior communists.
 The Tribune, founded in 1914, lagged behind The Straits Times in sales and readership, and launched an advertising campaign to increase circulation and move the paper
away from its image as the “clerk’s paper”.
 Community programmes The Straits Times School Pocket Money Fund The Straits Times School Pocket Money Fund was initiated on 1 October 2000 by The Straits Times,
to heighten public awareness of the plight of children from low-income families who were attending school without proper breakfast, or pocket money to sustain their day in school.
 Brookes was exonerated, but the popularity of the episode made The Straits Times a success, and it became a daily newspaper in 1858.
Youth newspapers, IN and Little Red Dot are produced on a weekly basis for secondary and primary school students respectively, whose schools would have to subscribe in bulk.
 by 1952, it began to actively embrace the role as the predominant newspaper of Singapore, referring to itself as the ‘national’ newspaper of Malaya.
As a propaganda instrument In June 1942, the Military Propaganda Squad (軍宣伝班) launched a campaign, Nippon-Go Popularising Week, to promote the Japanese language among
Singaporeans, using the Syonan Shimbun.
The Straits Times focused predominantly on British and British-related events while ignoring the politics and socio-economic issues of concern to other groups, including the
Malay, Chinese, and Indian populations in and around Singapore.
Still’s outspokenness as editor resulted in a number of libel suits against the paper, which were either lost or settled privately out of court.
On 1 January 2005, the online version began requiring registration and after a short period became a paid-access-only site.
A document dated 17 May 1942 outlined the four main objectives of Nippon-Go Popularising Week.
However, Governor Shenton Thomas insisted that the British community of Singapore not flee in the face of the Japanese, that no racial discrimination was to take place in
the evacuation of civilians, and that British civil officers stay behind to “look after their Asian charges”.
 The parent company of The Straits Times was converted into a separate, public company.
From Batavia, Seabridge filed a secret report for the War Cabinet in London in April 1942 on the failure of both military and civilian governments to hold and maintain Singapore’s
The first issue of The Shonan Times published a declaration by Tomoyuki Yamashita, announcing that the aim of the Japanese was to establish the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity
Sphere in order to achieve a “Great Spirit of Cosmocrasy” and “sweep away the arrogant and unrighteous British elements”.
The paper later published Swettenham’s writings on the history of Perak and his involvement in the British Residential system in 1893.
The website remained entirely free until 2005 when paid subscription became required to fully access news and commentary.
For instance, the newspaper repeatedly interviewed a commuter named Ashley Wu on 8 occasions within a span of 10 months, whenever the trains broke down, rather than getting
fresh viewpoints from different affected commuters.
Under Still’s editorship, the paper called for better working conditions for Malay, Chinese, and Indian labourers, but on the grounds that it would improve their efficiency
 Following Reid’s retirement, Alexander W. Still took over as editor, a post he held for 18 years.
In response to the competition, Seabridge improved the company by building a new office, replacing and updating old printing equipment, hiring local journalists, and beginning
If the newspapers and the newspaper reading public are to be any help in combatting rumour, they must be supplied with the only things which are of the slightest value in
carrying out the task.
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Photo credit: https://www.flickr.com/photos/101469280@N05/9702378513/’]